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The relative effectiveness of extinction and counter-conditioning in diminishing children's fear.
Behav Res Ther. 2017 Aug; 95:42-49.BR

Abstract

Two behavioural strategies for reducing learned fear are extinction and counter-conditioning, and in this study we compared the relative effectiveness of the two procedures at diminishing fear in children. Seventy-three children aged 7-12 years old (M = 9.30, SD = 1.62) were exposed to pictures of two novel animals on a computer screen during the fear acquisition phase. One of these animals was paired with a picture of a scared human face (CS+) while the other was not (CS-). The children were then randomly assigned to one of three conditions: counter-conditioning (animal paired with a happy face), extinction (animal without scared face), or control (no fear reduction procedure). Changes in fear beliefs and behavioural avoidance of the animal were measured. Counter-conditioning was more effective at reducing fear to the CS + than extinction. The findings are discussed in terms of implications for behavioural treatments of childhood anxiety disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Educational Studies, Macquarie University, Australia. Electronic address: carol.newall@mq.edu.au.Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Australia.Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Australia.School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28531872

Citation

Newall, Carol, et al. "The Relative Effectiveness of Extinction and Counter-conditioning in Diminishing Children's Fear." Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 42-49.
Newall C, Watson T, Grant KA, et al. The relative effectiveness of extinction and counter-conditioning in diminishing children's fear. Behav Res Ther. 2017;95:42-49.
Newall, C., Watson, T., Grant, K. A., & Richardson, R. (2017). The relative effectiveness of extinction and counter-conditioning in diminishing children's fear. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 95, 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.05.006
Newall C, et al. The Relative Effectiveness of Extinction and Counter-conditioning in Diminishing Children's Fear. Behav Res Ther. 2017;95:42-49. PubMed PMID: 28531872.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relative effectiveness of extinction and counter-conditioning in diminishing children's fear. AU - Newall,Carol, AU - Watson,Tiffany, AU - Grant,Kerry-Ann, AU - Richardson,Rick, Y1 - 2017/05/11/ PY - 2016/10/28/received PY - 2017/04/28/revised PY - 2017/05/10/accepted PY - 2017/5/23/pubmed PY - 2018/4/12/medline PY - 2017/5/23/entrez KW - Anxiety KW - Child KW - Counter-conditioning KW - Extinction KW - Fear KW - Vicarious learning SP - 42 EP - 49 JF - Behaviour research and therapy JO - Behav Res Ther VL - 95 N2 - Two behavioural strategies for reducing learned fear are extinction and counter-conditioning, and in this study we compared the relative effectiveness of the two procedures at diminishing fear in children. Seventy-three children aged 7-12 years old (M = 9.30, SD = 1.62) were exposed to pictures of two novel animals on a computer screen during the fear acquisition phase. One of these animals was paired with a picture of a scared human face (CS+) while the other was not (CS-). The children were then randomly assigned to one of three conditions: counter-conditioning (animal paired with a happy face), extinction (animal without scared face), or control (no fear reduction procedure). Changes in fear beliefs and behavioural avoidance of the animal were measured. Counter-conditioning was more effective at reducing fear to the CS + than extinction. The findings are discussed in terms of implications for behavioural treatments of childhood anxiety disorders. SN - 1873-622X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28531872/The_relative_effectiveness_of_extinction_and_counter_conditioning_in_diminishing_children's_fear_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7967(17)30099-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -