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Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran.
Acta Med Iran 2017; 55(4):241-248AM

Abstract

The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old. In addition to the height and weight of the participants, cephalofacial sizes of them were measured and then cephalic, facial, and brain indices were calculated. Among the cephalofacial sizes, cranial length and breadth, cranial circumference, prosopic length and prosopic breadth were significantly greater in males compared to females (P<0.005). Also, volume and weight of brain were significantly greater in male comparing to female participants (P<0.005). The predominant type of head was meso-cephal, and the predominant type of face was meso-prosopic in both sexes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anatomy, Medicine Faculty, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. AND Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.Department of Anatomy, Medicine Faculty, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.Department of Anatomy, Medicine Faculty, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. AND Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28532135

Citation

Pouya, Fatemeh, et al. "Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran." Acta Medica Iranica, vol. 55, no. 4, 2017, pp. 241-248.
Pouya F, Eftekhar-Vaghefi SH, Salehinejad P. Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran. Acta Med Iran. 2017;55(4):241-248.
Pouya, F., Eftekhar-Vaghefi, S. H., & Salehinejad, P. (2017). Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran. Acta Medica Iranica, 55(4), pp. 241-248.
Pouya F, Eftekhar-Vaghefi SH, Salehinejad P. Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran. Acta Med Iran. 2017;55(4):241-248. PubMed PMID: 28532135.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthropometric Analysis of Cephalofacial Dimensions in Kerman, Iran. AU - Pouya,Fatemeh, AU - Eftekhar-Vaghefi,Seyed Hassan, AU - Salehinejad,Parvin, PY - 2017/04/16/accepted PY - 2017/5/24/entrez PY - 2017/5/24/pubmed PY - 2017/12/30/medline KW - Anthropometric analysis KW - Cephalofacial KW - Chephalometric SP - 241 EP - 248 JF - Acta medica Iranica JO - Acta Med Iran VL - 55 IS - 4 N2 - The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old. In addition to the height and weight of the participants, cephalofacial sizes of them were measured and then cephalic, facial, and brain indices were calculated. Among the cephalofacial sizes, cranial length and breadth, cranial circumference, prosopic length and prosopic breadth were significantly greater in males compared to females (P<0.005). Also, volume and weight of brain were significantly greater in male comparing to female participants (P<0.005). The predominant type of head was meso-cephal, and the predominant type of face was meso-prosopic in both sexes. SN - 1735-9694 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28532135/Anthropometric_Analysis_of_Cephalofacial_Dimensions_in_Kerman,_Iran L2 - http://acta.tums.ac.ir/index.php/acta/article/view/5421 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -