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The dietary composition of women who delivered preterm and full-term infants.
Appl Nurs Res 2017; 35:13-17AN

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Literature data show that excess and primary deficiency in particular nutrients, vitamins and minerals may lead to pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and neural tube defects in the foetus. The aim of the study was to determine differences in average daily consumption of selected nutrients during pregnancy in women who did not supplement their diet and to evaluate the influence of dietary habits on the occurrence of pre-term delivery and hypertension in pregnant women.

SAMPLE GROUP AND METHODS

Information on the course of pregnancy and the newborn's health status at birth was derived from the Charter of Pregnancy and documents recorded by the hospital. Women's eating habits and dietary composition were analyzed on the basis of a dietary questionnaire. The sample group was divided into four groups: women who delivered neonates appropriate for gestational age (AGA), women with gestosis who delivered AGA neonates by means of caesarean sections, women who delivered pre-term neonates (PTB) and women with gestosis who delivered PTB by means of caesarean sections.

RESULTS

In the case of women with vaginal delivery at term the average intake of iodine was always higher than in other groups. Analysis of average daily intake of folates revealed a higher intake in the group of women who gave birth to full-term neonates with proper neonatal weight in comparison with the groups of women with pre-term delivery. P≤0.05.

CONCLUSIONS

Statistically significant differences in average daily intake of folates, iodine, retinol, magnesium and iron were observed between the group of women with vaginal delivery at term and the groups of women with diagnosed hypertension who delivered preterm. Correlation was demonstrated between average daily intake of iodine and vitamin D and the occurrence of arterial hypertension. Supplementation of the diet of women in the preconception and prenatal period with minerals and vitamins should be considered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Emergency Medicine, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland. Electronic address: wwaksmanska@ath.bielsko.pl.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Emergency Medicine, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Emergency Medicine, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland.Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental, Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Emergency Medicine, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28532720

Citation

Waksmańska, Wioletta, et al. "The Dietary Composition of Women Who Delivered Preterm and Full-term Infants." Applied Nursing Research : ANR, vol. 35, 2017, pp. 13-17.
Waksmańska W, Bobiński R, Ulman-Włodarz I, et al. The dietary composition of women who delivered preterm and full-term infants. Appl Nurs Res. 2017;35:13-17.
Waksmańska, W., Bobiński, R., Ulman-Włodarz, I., Pielesz, A., & Mikulska, M. (2017). The dietary composition of women who delivered preterm and full-term infants. Applied Nursing Research : ANR, 35, pp. 13-17. doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2017.02.013.
Waksmańska W, et al. The Dietary Composition of Women Who Delivered Preterm and Full-term Infants. Appl Nurs Res. 2017;35:13-17. PubMed PMID: 28532720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The dietary composition of women who delivered preterm and full-term infants. AU - Waksmańska,Wioletta, AU - Bobiński,Rafał, AU - Ulman-Włodarz,Izabela, AU - Pielesz,Anna, AU - Mikulska,Monika, Y1 - 2017/02/03/ PY - 2016/11/20/received PY - 2017/02/01/accepted PY - 2017/5/24/entrez PY - 2017/5/24/pubmed PY - 2018/4/3/medline KW - Caesarean section KW - Deficiency KW - Hypertension KW - Minerals KW - Premature delivery SP - 13 EP - 17 JF - Applied nursing research : ANR JO - Appl Nurs Res VL - 35 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Literature data show that excess and primary deficiency in particular nutrients, vitamins and minerals may lead to pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and neural tube defects in the foetus. The aim of the study was to determine differences in average daily consumption of selected nutrients during pregnancy in women who did not supplement their diet and to evaluate the influence of dietary habits on the occurrence of pre-term delivery and hypertension in pregnant women. SAMPLE GROUP AND METHODS: Information on the course of pregnancy and the newborn's health status at birth was derived from the Charter of Pregnancy and documents recorded by the hospital. Women's eating habits and dietary composition were analyzed on the basis of a dietary questionnaire. The sample group was divided into four groups: women who delivered neonates appropriate for gestational age (AGA), women with gestosis who delivered AGA neonates by means of caesarean sections, women who delivered pre-term neonates (PTB) and women with gestosis who delivered PTB by means of caesarean sections. RESULTS: In the case of women with vaginal delivery at term the average intake of iodine was always higher than in other groups. Analysis of average daily intake of folates revealed a higher intake in the group of women who gave birth to full-term neonates with proper neonatal weight in comparison with the groups of women with pre-term delivery. P≤0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant differences in average daily intake of folates, iodine, retinol, magnesium and iron were observed between the group of women with vaginal delivery at term and the groups of women with diagnosed hypertension who delivered preterm. Correlation was demonstrated between average daily intake of iodine and vitamin D and the occurrence of arterial hypertension. Supplementation of the diet of women in the preconception and prenatal period with minerals and vitamins should be considered. SN - 1532-8201 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28532720/The_dietary_composition_of_women_who_delivered_preterm_and_full-term_infants L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0897-1897(16)30350-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -