Effects of rosmarinic acid on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in male Wistar rats.Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec; 55(1):1809-1816.PB
Drug-induced liver injury is a significant worldwide clinical problem. Rosmarinic acid (RA), a natural phenol, has antioxidant effects.
The effects of RA against acetaminophen (N-acetyl-p-amino-phenol (APAP))-induced oxidative damage and hepatotoxicity in rats were investigated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Male Wistar rats were pretreated with RA (10, 50 and 100 mg/kg, i.g.) for one week. On day 7, rats received APAP (500 mg/kg, i.p.). Then aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), albumin, total protein, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), glutathione S-transferase (GST), cytochrome CYP450 and histopathological changes were determined.
APAP-induced oxidative stress in liver by a significant increase in the level of MDA (7.6 ± 0.21 nmol/mg) as well as a decrease in the contents of TAC (1.75 ± 0.14 μmol/g), GSH (1.9 ± 0.22 μmol/g) and GST) 3.2 ± 0.28 U/mg). RA treatment decreased MDA (4.32 ± 0.35 nmol/mg) but increased the contents of TAC (3.51 ± 0.34 μmol/g), GSH (3.42 ± 0.16 μmol/g) and GST (5.71 ± 0.71 μmol/g) in APAP group. RA 100 mg/kg decreased ALT (91.5 ± 1.5 U/L), AST (169 ± 8.8 U/L) and CYP450 (3 ± 0.2 nmol/min/mg) in APAP group. Histologically RA attenuated hepatic damage by decreasing necrosis, inflammation, and haemorrhage in liver sections of APAP group.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
This is the first report that oral administration of RA dose-dependently elicited significant hepatoprotective effects in rats through inhibition of hepatic CYP2E1 activity and lipid peroxidation. RA-protected hepatic GSH and GST reserves and total tissue antioxidant capacity.