Protein Z and Endothelin-1 genetic polymorphisms in pediatric Egyptian sickle cell disease patients.J Clin Lab Anal. 2018 Feb; 32(2)JC
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenic disease associated with multisystem morbidity. Vasculopathy caused by delicate imbalance between coagulation and endothelial systems plays a pivotal role in disease course. As Protein Z and Endothelin-1 genetic polymorphisms may increase the thrombotic risk, the aim of the current work was to verify the possible impact of Protein Z (PROZ G79A) and Endothelin-1 (EDN1 G5665T) polymorphisms on the clinic-laboratory features of the SCD in a cohort of Egyptian pediatric patients.
Genotyping of Protein Z G79A and Endothelin-1 G5665T was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay for 100 SCD patients and 100 controls.
Protein -Z G79A polymorphism was not associated with vascular complications in the studied SCD patients. Endothelin-1 G5665T polymorphism was associated with pulmonary dysfunction (pulmonary artery hypertension and acute chest syndrome) and severe vaso-occlusive crises (VOC).
Endothelin-1 G5665T polymorphism could be considered as a molecular predictor for pulmonary dysfunction and severe VOC in SCD. Further researches with larger cohorts are recommended to understand the pathophysiology of SCD and to explain the inter-patients' variability of disease severity.