Reversal of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance is induced by saikosaponin D in breast cancer MCF-7/adriamycin cells.Pathol Res Pract. 2017 Jul; 213(7):848-853.PR
Multidrug resistance (MDR) cells over expressing P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the MDR1 gene is major obstacles for successful cancer chemotherapy. P-gp could extrude anti-cancer drugs out of cancer cells and decrease effective intracellular drug concentrations. MDR reversal agents for P-gp can restore the sensitivity of MDR cells to such drugs. Saikosaponin D (SSd), one of the major triterpenoid saponins derived from Bupleurum chinense DC (BCDC), has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious and anti-tumor properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the reversal effect of SSd on MDR in MCF-7/adriamycin (ADR) human breast cancer cells and investigate the underlying mechanisms of SSd. The results demonstrated that SSd inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7/ADR and MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, SSd increased the cytotoxicity of ADR on MCF-7/ADR cells and the resistance fold of SSd treatment was demonstrated to be significantly higher when compared with that of the group without SSd treatment. Additionally, the effects of the drug combination showed that SSd and ADR combination were synergistic. Accumulation and efflux studies with the P-gp substrate, rhodamine 123 (Rh123), demonstrated that SSd restored Rh123 accumulation and inhibited P-gp-mediated drug efflux. Importantly, we found that SSd could enhance the sensitivity of MCF-7/ADR cells towards ADR by down-regulating MDR1 and P-gp expression. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that SSd may represent a potent reversal agent for P-gp-mediated MDR in breast cancer therapy.