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The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2018 06; 34(6):1095-1101.CN

Abstract

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) can be called one of the earliest contributors to the history of anatomy and, by extension, the study of medicine. He may have even overshadowed Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), the so-called founder of human anatomy, if his works had been published within his lifetime. While some of the best illustrations of their time, with our modern knowledge of anatomy, it is clear that many of da Vinci's depictions of human anatomy are inaccurate. However, he also made significant discoveries in anatomy and remarkable predictions of facts he could not yet discover with the technology available to him. Additionally, da Vinci was largely influenced by Greek anatomists, as indicated from his ideas about anatomical structure. In this historical review, we describe da Vinci's history, influences, and discoveries in anatomical research and his depictions and errors with regards to the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, nervous system, and other organs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Ave, James Tower, Suite, 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Ave, James Tower, Suite, 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Ave, James Tower, Suite, 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada.Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Ave, James Tower, Suite, 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Ave, James Tower, Suite, 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA. shanet@seattlesciencefoundation.org. St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada. shanet@seattlesciencefoundation.org.

Pub Type(s)

Editorial
Historical Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28555307

Citation

Tubbs, Richard Isaiah, et al. "The Influence of Ancient Greek Thought On Fifteenth Century Anatomy: Galenic Influence and Leonardo Da Vinci." Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, vol. 34, no. 6, 2018, pp. 1095-1101.
Tubbs RI, Gonzales J, Iwanaga J, et al. The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci. Childs Nerv Syst. 2018;34(6):1095-1101.
Tubbs, R. I., Gonzales, J., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2018). The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci. Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 34(6), 1095-1101. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3462-6
Tubbs RI, et al. The Influence of Ancient Greek Thought On Fifteenth Century Anatomy: Galenic Influence and Leonardo Da Vinci. Childs Nerv Syst. 2018;34(6):1095-1101. PubMed PMID: 28555307.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci. AU - Tubbs,Richard Isaiah, AU - Gonzales,Jocelyn, AU - Iwanaga,Joe, AU - Loukas,Marios, AU - Oskouian,Rod J, AU - Tubbs,R Shane, Y1 - 2017/05/29/ PY - 2017/05/10/received PY - 2017/05/14/accepted PY - 2017/5/31/pubmed PY - 2019/9/21/medline PY - 2017/5/31/entrez SP - 1095 EP - 1101 JF - Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery JO - Childs Nerv Syst VL - 34 IS - 6 N2 - Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) can be called one of the earliest contributors to the history of anatomy and, by extension, the study of medicine. He may have even overshadowed Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), the so-called founder of human anatomy, if his works had been published within his lifetime. While some of the best illustrations of their time, with our modern knowledge of anatomy, it is clear that many of da Vinci's depictions of human anatomy are inaccurate. However, he also made significant discoveries in anatomy and remarkable predictions of facts he could not yet discover with the technology available to him. Additionally, da Vinci was largely influenced by Greek anatomists, as indicated from his ideas about anatomical structure. In this historical review, we describe da Vinci's history, influences, and discoveries in anatomical research and his depictions and errors with regards to the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, nervous system, and other organs. SN - 1433-0350 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28555307/The_influence_of_ancient_Greek_thought_on_fifteenth_century_anatomy:_Galenic_influence_and_Leonardo_da_Vinci_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3462-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -