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Associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intakes in French adults (NutriNet-Santé cohort study).
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 05 30; 14(1):71.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few studies have focused on the influence of retirement on dietary behaviors. Our study aimed at assessing the associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intake in French adults, particularly according to spousal retirement and baseline income.

METHODS

This prospective study included 577 French participants from the NutriNet-Santé cohort who retired over a 5-year follow-up (2009-2014 or 2010-2015). At baseline and every year, dietary intakes were assessed using 24 h records. Repeated measures of dietary intake were analysed using mixed models adjusted for energy with random effects of time and period (before and after retirement) to assess changes following retirement for each gender.

RESULTS

After retirement, intakes of saturated fatty acids and sodium increased in both genders. Women showed specific changes after retirement: decrease in the score of adherence to recommendations and in intakes of fruits, proteins, vitamins; increase in intakes of fatty sweet products. In men with the lowest income at baseline, specific changes in intake were associated with retirement such as decrease in intake of dairy products and increase in intake of lipids.

CONCLUSIONS

Transition to retirement was associated with unhealthier dietary intakes. These results may help defining interventions during this vulnerable life-period.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

This study was conducted according to guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures were approved by the Institutional Review Board of the French Institute for Health and Medical Research (IRB Inserm No. 0000388FWA00005831) and the French Data Protection Authority (Commission Nationale Informatique et Libertés No. 908450 and No. 909216). Electronic informed consents were obtained from all participants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle EREN, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Université Paris 13, F-93017, Bobigny, France. w.sihassen@eren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.Université Libre de Bruxelles, Ecole de Santé Publique, Centre de recherche en Epidémiologie, Biostatistiques et Recherche Clinique, Route de Lennik 808 - CP 598, 1070, Brussels, Belgium.Institut National des Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75020, Paris, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle EREN, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Université Paris 13, F-93017, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle EREN, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Université Paris 13, F-93017, Bobigny, France. Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, F-93000, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistique, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle EREN, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Université Paris 13, F-93017, Bobigny, France. Insititut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, UMR 1110 MOISA, F-34000, Montpellier, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28558720

Citation

Si Hassen, Wendy, et al. "Associations Between Transition to Retirement and Changes in Dietary Intakes in French Adults (NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study)." The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 14, no. 1, 2017, p. 71.
Si Hassen W, Castetbon K, Lelièvre E, et al. Associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intakes in French adults (NutriNet-Santé cohort study). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14(1):71.
Si Hassen, W., Castetbon, K., Lelièvre, E., Lampuré, A., Hercberg, S., & Méjean, C. (2017). Associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intakes in French adults (NutriNet-Santé cohort study). The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 71. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0527-6
Si Hassen W, et al. Associations Between Transition to Retirement and Changes in Dietary Intakes in French Adults (NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 05 30;14(1):71. PubMed PMID: 28558720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intakes in French adults (NutriNet-Santé cohort study). AU - Si Hassen,Wendy, AU - Castetbon,Katia, AU - Lelièvre,Eva, AU - Lampuré,Aurélie, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Méjean,Caroline, Y1 - 2017/05/30/ PY - 2017/01/31/received PY - 2017/05/22/accepted PY - 2017/6/1/entrez PY - 2017/6/1/pubmed PY - 2017/12/2/medline KW - Dietary intake KW - Life course KW - Prospective study KW - Retirement SP - 71 EP - 71 JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity JO - Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the influence of retirement on dietary behaviors. Our study aimed at assessing the associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intake in French adults, particularly according to spousal retirement and baseline income. METHODS: This prospective study included 577 French participants from the NutriNet-Santé cohort who retired over a 5-year follow-up (2009-2014 or 2010-2015). At baseline and every year, dietary intakes were assessed using 24 h records. Repeated measures of dietary intake were analysed using mixed models adjusted for energy with random effects of time and period (before and after retirement) to assess changes following retirement for each gender. RESULTS: After retirement, intakes of saturated fatty acids and sodium increased in both genders. Women showed specific changes after retirement: decrease in the score of adherence to recommendations and in intakes of fruits, proteins, vitamins; increase in intakes of fatty sweet products. In men with the lowest income at baseline, specific changes in intake were associated with retirement such as decrease in intake of dairy products and increase in intake of lipids. CONCLUSIONS: Transition to retirement was associated with unhealthier dietary intakes. These results may help defining interventions during this vulnerable life-period. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was conducted according to guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures were approved by the Institutional Review Board of the French Institute for Health and Medical Research (IRB Inserm No. 0000388FWA00005831) and the French Data Protection Authority (Commission Nationale Informatique et Libertés No. 908450 and No. 909216). Electronic informed consents were obtained from all participants. SN - 1479-5868 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28558720/Associations_between_transition_to_retirement_and_changes_in_dietary_intakes_in_French_adults__NutriNet_Santé_cohort_study__ L2 - https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-017-0527-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -