Ceftazidime-Avibactam Is Superior to Other Treatment Regimens against Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Bacteremia.Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017 08; 61(8)AA
There are no data comparing outcomes of patients treated with ceftazidime-avibactam versus comparators for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections. At our center, ceftazidime-avibactam treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia was associated with higher rates of clinical success (P = 0.006) and survival (P = 0.01) than other regimens. Across treatment groups, there were no differences in underlying diseases, severity of illness, source of bacteremia, or strain characteristics (97% produced K. pneumoniae carbapenemase). Aminoglycoside- and colistin-containing regimens were associated with increased rates of nephrotoxicity (P = 0.002).