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The effect of a maternal history of childhood abuse on adrenocortical attunement in mothers and their toddlers.
Dev Psychobiol. 2017 07; 59(5):639-652.DP

Abstract

We investigated circadian mother-child adrenocortical attunement in the context of a maternal history of childhood abuse (HoA). Mothers were screened after birth using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Women reporting moderate or severe abuse formed the HoA group (n = 37; HoAG) and were compared with a non-maltreated comparison group (n = 45; CG). Three years later, cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal slope (DSL) were assessed. Mother-child interaction was coded using the Emotional Availability Scales at 12 months of age. For the CAR, we found adrenocortical attunement only in the HoAG (2-way interaction: p = .004), particularly if mothers scored low on structuring (3-way interaction: p = .042) and children scored low on responsiveness (3-way interaction: p = .044). DSL-attunement was dependent on maternal sensitivity (3-way interaction: p = .012) and child involvement (3-way interaction: p = .012). In the context of a maternal HoA, it seems possible for mother-child-dyads to show less optimal interactional quality but be stronger attuned to each other biologically.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section "Translational Psychobiology in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry", Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.Section "Translational Psychobiology in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry", Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28574579

Citation

Fuchs, Anna, et al. "The Effect of a Maternal History of Childhood Abuse On Adrenocortical Attunement in Mothers and Their Toddlers." Developmental Psychobiology, vol. 59, no. 5, 2017, pp. 639-652.
Fuchs A, Moehler E, Resch F, et al. The effect of a maternal history of childhood abuse on adrenocortical attunement in mothers and their toddlers. Dev Psychobiol. 2017;59(5):639-652.
Fuchs, A., Moehler, E., Resch, F., & Kaess, M. (2017). The effect of a maternal history of childhood abuse on adrenocortical attunement in mothers and their toddlers. Developmental Psychobiology, 59(5), 639-652. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21531
Fuchs A, et al. The Effect of a Maternal History of Childhood Abuse On Adrenocortical Attunement in Mothers and Their Toddlers. Dev Psychobiol. 2017;59(5):639-652. PubMed PMID: 28574579.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of a maternal history of childhood abuse on adrenocortical attunement in mothers and their toddlers. AU - Fuchs,Anna, AU - Moehler,Eva, AU - Resch,Franz, AU - Kaess,Michael, Y1 - 2017/06/02/ PY - 2016/06/27/received PY - 2017/04/20/accepted PY - 2017/6/3/pubmed PY - 2018/3/30/medline PY - 2017/6/3/entrez KW - HPA-axis KW - adrenocortical attunement KW - child maltreatment KW - history of abuse KW - mother-child interaction SP - 639 EP - 652 JF - Developmental psychobiology JO - Dev Psychobiol VL - 59 IS - 5 N2 - We investigated circadian mother-child adrenocortical attunement in the context of a maternal history of childhood abuse (HoA). Mothers were screened after birth using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Women reporting moderate or severe abuse formed the HoA group (n = 37; HoAG) and were compared with a non-maltreated comparison group (n = 45; CG). Three years later, cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal slope (DSL) were assessed. Mother-child interaction was coded using the Emotional Availability Scales at 12 months of age. For the CAR, we found adrenocortical attunement only in the HoAG (2-way interaction: p = .004), particularly if mothers scored low on structuring (3-way interaction: p = .042) and children scored low on responsiveness (3-way interaction: p = .044). DSL-attunement was dependent on maternal sensitivity (3-way interaction: p = .012) and child involvement (3-way interaction: p = .012). In the context of a maternal HoA, it seems possible for mother-child-dyads to show less optimal interactional quality but be stronger attuned to each other biologically. SN - 1098-2302 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28574579/The_effect_of_a_maternal_history_of_childhood_abuse_on_adrenocortical_attunement_in_mothers_and_their_toddlers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21531 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -