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Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2017; 72(suppl_1):S108-S112JG

Abstract

Background

The present study examined whether individuals' personality traits, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, moderated the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults.

Methods

Data analysis was based on the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE). Three thousand one hundred and fifty-nine Chinese adults aged 60 years and older participated in the PINE study. They completed scales that assessed their personality (ie, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory), perceived stress (the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale), and depressive symptoms (the Patient Health Questionnaire).

Results

Perceived stress was positively related to depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. No moderation effects were found for Neuroticism. Conscientiousness significantly moderated the perceived stress-depressive symptom relationship. The positive relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms was weaker for people who were higher in Conscientiousness than those who were lower in Conscientiousness.

Conclusion

Conscientiousness mitigated the stress-depressive symptom relationship among U.S. Chinese older adults. Future research is needed to identify the psychological and sociocultural profiles of individuals who show stress resilience and those who are vulnerable. Social services and psychological interventions are needed to promote health and well-being among U.S. Chinese older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Ohio.Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Ohio.Psychology Department, University of Houston-Clear Lake, Texas.Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28575254

Citation

Chen, Yiwei, et al. "Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults." The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 72, no. suppl_1, 2017, pp. S108-S112.
Chen Y, Peng Y, Ma X, et al. Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017;72(suppl_1):S108-S112.
Chen, Y., Peng, Y., Ma, X., & Dong, X. (2017). Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 72(suppl_1), pp. S108-S112. doi:10.1093/gerona/glw172.
Chen Y, et al. Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Jul 1;72(suppl_1):S108-S112. PubMed PMID: 28575254.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults. AU - Chen,Yiwei, AU - Peng,Yisheng, AU - Ma,Xiaodong, AU - Dong,Xinqi, PY - 2016/01/19/received PY - 2016/08/09/accepted PY - 2017/6/3/entrez PY - 2017/6/3/pubmed PY - 2017/8/22/medline KW - Depression KW - Neuroticism and Conscientiousness KW - Personality KW - Stress SP - S108 EP - S112 JF - The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences JO - J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. VL - 72 IS - suppl_1 N2 - Background: The present study examined whether individuals' personality traits, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, moderated the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data analysis was based on the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE). Three thousand one hundred and fifty-nine Chinese adults aged 60 years and older participated in the PINE study. They completed scales that assessed their personality (ie, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory), perceived stress (the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale), and depressive symptoms (the Patient Health Questionnaire). Results: Perceived stress was positively related to depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. No moderation effects were found for Neuroticism. Conscientiousness significantly moderated the perceived stress-depressive symptom relationship. The positive relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms was weaker for people who were higher in Conscientiousness than those who were lower in Conscientiousness. Conclusion: Conscientiousness mitigated the stress-depressive symptom relationship among U.S. Chinese older adults. Future research is needed to identify the psychological and sociocultural profiles of individuals who show stress resilience and those who are vulnerable. Social services and psychological interventions are needed to promote health and well-being among U.S. Chinese older adults. SN - 1758-535X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28575254/Conscientiousness_Moderates_the_Relationship_Between_Perceived_Stress_and_Depressive_Symptoms_Among_U_S__Chinese_Older_Adults_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/biomedgerontology/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/gerona/glw172 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -