Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2017; 72(suppl_1):S16-S21JG

Abstract

Background

Limited research is available on the relationship between social support, social strain, and cognitive function among community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults. This study aims to examine the associations between social support/strain and cognitive outcomes.

Methods

Data were drawn from the Population-Based Study of Chinese Elderly (N = 3,159). Cognitive function was measured by a battery of tests including the East Boston Memory Test, the Digit Span Backwards assessment, and the Symbol Digit Modalities Test. Social support and strain were measured by the scales drawn from the Health and Retirement study. Multiple regression analyses were conducted.

Results

Social support was significantly associated with global cognitive function (β = .11, SE = .02, p < .001), episodic memory (β = .11, SE = .03, p < .001), working memory (β = .18, SE = .08, p < .05), and executive function (β = 1.44, SE = .37, p < .001). Social strain was significantly associated with global cognitive function (β = .23, SE = .05, p < .001), episodic memory (β = .27, SE = .07, p < .001), working memory (β = .34, SE = .17, p < .05), and executive function (β = 2.75, SE = .85, p < .01). In terms of sources of social support/strain, higher support from friends was significantly associated with higher global cognitive function (β = .04, SE = .02, p < .05), higher episodic memory (β = .05, SE = .02, p < .05), and higher executive function (β = .71, SE = .29, p < .05). Higher strain from spouse was significantly associated with higher global cognitive function (β = .10, SE = .03, p < .01), higher episodic memory (β = .11, SE = .04, p < .01), and higher executive function (β = 1.28, SE = .49, p < .01). Higher strain from friends was significantly associated with higher executive function (β = 3.59, SE = 1.17, p < .01).

Conclusions

Social support and strain were associated with cognitive outcomes. Future longitudinal studies should be conducted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina.Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University.Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina. Duke University Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Durham, North Carolina.Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28575260

Citation

Ge, Shaoqing, et al. "Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults." The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 72, no. suppl_1, 2017, pp. S16-S21.
Ge S, Wu B, Bailey DE, et al. Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017;72(suppl_1):S16-S21.
Ge, S., Wu, B., Bailey, D. E., & Dong, X. (2017). Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 72(suppl_1), pp. S16-S21. doi:10.1093/gerona/glw221.
Ge S, et al. Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Jul 1;72(suppl_1):S16-S21. PubMed PMID: 28575260.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social Support, Social Strain, and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Older Adults. AU - Ge,Shaoqing, AU - Wu,Bei, AU - Bailey,Donald E,Jr AU - Dong,XinQi, PY - 2016/03/18/received PY - 2016/10/18/accepted PY - 2017/6/3/entrez PY - 2017/6/3/pubmed PY - 2017/8/22/medline KW - Cognitive function KW - Minority aging KW - Social strain KW - Social support SP - S16 EP - S21 JF - The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences JO - J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. VL - 72 IS - suppl_1 N2 - Background: Limited research is available on the relationship between social support, social strain, and cognitive function among community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults. This study aims to examine the associations between social support/strain and cognitive outcomes. Methods: Data were drawn from the Population-Based Study of Chinese Elderly (N = 3,159). Cognitive function was measured by a battery of tests including the East Boston Memory Test, the Digit Span Backwards assessment, and the Symbol Digit Modalities Test. Social support and strain were measured by the scales drawn from the Health and Retirement study. Multiple regression analyses were conducted. Results: Social support was significantly associated with global cognitive function (β = .11, SE = .02, p < .001), episodic memory (β = .11, SE = .03, p < .001), working memory (β = .18, SE = .08, p < .05), and executive function (β = 1.44, SE = .37, p < .001). Social strain was significantly associated with global cognitive function (β = .23, SE = .05, p < .001), episodic memory (β = .27, SE = .07, p < .001), working memory (β = .34, SE = .17, p < .05), and executive function (β = 2.75, SE = .85, p < .01). In terms of sources of social support/strain, higher support from friends was significantly associated with higher global cognitive function (β = .04, SE = .02, p < .05), higher episodic memory (β = .05, SE = .02, p < .05), and higher executive function (β = .71, SE = .29, p < .05). Higher strain from spouse was significantly associated with higher global cognitive function (β = .10, SE = .03, p < .01), higher episodic memory (β = .11, SE = .04, p < .01), and higher executive function (β = 1.28, SE = .49, p < .01). Higher strain from friends was significantly associated with higher executive function (β = 3.59, SE = 1.17, p < .01). Conclusions: Social support and strain were associated with cognitive outcomes. Future longitudinal studies should be conducted. SN - 1758-535X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28575260/Social_Support_Social_Strain_and_Cognitive_Function_Among_Community_Dwelling_U_S__Chinese_Older_Adults_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/biomedgerontology/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/gerona/glw221 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -