Survey of Ocular Prosthetics Rehabilitation in the United Kingdom, Part 2: Anophthalmic Patients' Satisfaction and Acceptance.J Craniofac Surg 2017; 28(5):1297-1301JC
Ocular prostheses are integral for anophthalmic patients. Part 1 of this study reported that patients' aetiology, opinions, and attitudes significantly affected their prosthetic eyes experience. Part 2 investigates the patient satisfaction and acceptance in light of some of the aetiological demographics reported in Part 1.
One hundred sixty questionnaires were delivered to anophthalmic patients attending oculoplastic clinic. Etiological aspects presented in the questionnaire were disseminated in part 1. Patient satisfaction was assessed through 8 closed-end statements reflecting aspects concerning patient's views on prosthesis comfort and appearance; patient's expectations, self-esteem, and perception; and cooperation with ocularist. Each statement had 3 categories as agree, moderately agree, and disagree. A total of 126 questionnaires were returned (response rate was 78.8%). Data was analyzed using SPSS software. Association coefficients and correlations between variables were also analyzed.
Total number of responses for the 8 statements was 888, averaging of 111 (expected 126) respondent per statement. Overall, 95.4% of our patients agreed with all satisfaction statements presented echoing very high satisfaction rate with their ocular prosthetics. Having an eye replacement that covers the defect is associated with high satisfaction among patients regardless of ocular prosthetic type. Patient acceptance of prosthesis in relation to employment status was high but not the same among the different categories (P > 0.05). High satisfaction with ocular prosthetics was prevalent among both genders, but there were no statistically significant differences in percentages of agreement in all statements (P > 0.05). Satisfaction and acceptance with ocular prosthetics was the same among all age groups of 12 to 85 years old (P > 0.05).
The patient satisfaction is associated with the interplay of different variables that is related to ocular prosthesis design and its ability to disguise disfigurement (ie, prosthesis shape, resemblance to existing contra-lateral eye, etc.); patients themselves (ie, gender, age, occupation, marital status, etc); and psychological well-being and social support provided. Anophthalmic patients of the north west of England are significantly happy with their ocular prosthetic rehabilitation and support they receive from their regional hospital. Ocular prosthetics enhances their psychological well-being and social interaction and factors like patients' sex, age, employment status, and type of ocular prosthesis have no effect on their acceptance and satisfaction.