Novel variant in the FGD1 gene causing Aarskog-Scott syndrome.Exp Ther Med. 2017 Jun; 13(6):2623-2628.ET
Aarskog-Scott syndrome (ASS) is a rare, X-linked recessive inherited disorder. Affected individuals may develop short stature and exhibit distinctive skeletal and genital development. Mutations in the FYVE, rhogef and pleckstrin homology domain-containing protein 1 (FGD1) gene, located within the Xp11.21 region, are responsible for the occurrence of ASS. Since it is rare and complex, it can take a long time to obtain a definitive clinical diagnosis unless clinicians are familiar with the disease. In the present study, whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed to screen for causal variants in a Chinese pediatric patient who exhibited a number of clinical symptoms of ASS, including short stature, facial abnormalities, stubby metacarpals and swollen testis. DNA sequencing revealed a novel c.1270 A>G mutation in exon 6 of the FGD1 gene, which led to an amino acid conversion of asparagine to aspartic acid on codon 424 and in silico analysis indicated that this novel missense mutation was pathogenic. The present study identified a novel variant of the FGD1 gene and to the best of our knowledge, is the first report of ASS in a Chinese individual. The results indicated that WES is an effective tool for the diagnosis of rare and complex syndromes such as ASS.