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Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey.
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Aug; 20(12):2166-2172.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current recommendations.

DESIGN

A recently updated whole grain database was applied to the most current population dietary intake data. Single 24 h dietary recall intake data were reviewed against age group, sex, relative to energy intake and whole grain recommendations.

SETTING

Australia.

SUBJECTS

Australians (2-85 years) participating in the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey (n 12 153).

RESULTS

The median daily whole grain intake was 21 g for adults (19-85 years) and 17 g for children/adolescents (2-18 years), or 28 and 23 g/10 MJ per d, respectively. Approximately 30 % of children/adolescents consumed no whole grains on the day of the survey. Whole grain intake was lowest for the age group 14-18 years (8·7 g/d). Of all participants aged ≥9 years, 73 % did not reach the recommended Daily Target Intake of 48 g.

CONCLUSIONS

Whole grain intake in Australia is below recommendations in all age groups. Adolescents may be a key target for campaigns to increase whole grain consumption. This study provides the first quantification of absolute whole grain intake from all food sources in a national sample of Australians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1School of Medicine, Faculty of Science Medicine and Health,University of Wollongong,Northfields Avenue,Wollongong,NSW 2522,Australia.1School of Medicine, Faculty of Science Medicine and Health,University of Wollongong,Northfields Avenue,Wollongong,NSW 2522,Australia.1School of Medicine, Faculty of Science Medicine and Health,University of Wollongong,Northfields Avenue,Wollongong,NSW 2522,Australia.3Sanitarium Health and Wellbeing,Berkeley Vale,NSW,Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28592344

Citation

Galea, Leanne M., et al. "Whole Grain Intake of Australians Estimated From a Cross-sectional Analysis of Dietary Intake Data From the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 12, 2017, pp. 2166-2172.
Galea LM, Beck EJ, Probst YC, et al. Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(12):2166-2172.
Galea, L. M., Beck, E. J., Probst, Y. C., & Cashman, C. J. (2017). Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey. Public Health Nutrition, 20(12), 2166-2172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017001082
Galea LM, et al. Whole Grain Intake of Australians Estimated From a Cross-sectional Analysis of Dietary Intake Data From the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(12):2166-2172. PubMed PMID: 28592344.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Whole grain intake of Australians estimated from a cross-sectional analysis of dietary intake data from the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey. AU - Galea,Leanne M, AU - Beck,Eleanor J, AU - Probst,Yasmine C, AU - Cashman,Chris J, Y1 - 2017/06/08/ PY - 2017/6/9/pubmed PY - 2018/5/22/medline PY - 2017/6/9/entrez KW - Australian Health Survey KW - Cross-sectional analysis KW - Dietary intake KW - Whole grains SP - 2166 EP - 2172 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 20 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current recommendations. DESIGN: A recently updated whole grain database was applied to the most current population dietary intake data. Single 24 h dietary recall intake data were reviewed against age group, sex, relative to energy intake and whole grain recommendations. SETTING: Australia. SUBJECTS: Australians (2-85 years) participating in the 2011-13 Australian Health Survey (n 12 153). RESULTS: The median daily whole grain intake was 21 g for adults (19-85 years) and 17 g for children/adolescents (2-18 years), or 28 and 23 g/10 MJ per d, respectively. Approximately 30 % of children/adolescents consumed no whole grains on the day of the survey. Whole grain intake was lowest for the age group 14-18 years (8·7 g/d). Of all participants aged ≥9 years, 73 % did not reach the recommended Daily Target Intake of 48 g. CONCLUSIONS: Whole grain intake in Australia is below recommendations in all age groups. Adolescents may be a key target for campaigns to increase whole grain consumption. This study provides the first quantification of absolute whole grain intake from all food sources in a national sample of Australians. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28592344/Whole_grain_intake_of_Australians_estimated_from_a_cross_sectional_analysis_of_dietary_intake_data_from_the_2011_13_Australian_Health_Survey_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980017001082/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -