2-Phenylnaphthalenes and a polyoxygenated cyclohexene from the stem and root extracts of Uvaria cherrevensis (Annonaceae).Fitoterapia. 2017 Jul; 120:103-107.F
Three new 2-phenylnaphthalene derivatives, cherrevenaphthalenes A-C (1-3), and a new polyoxygenated cyclohexene derivative, (-)-uvaribonol F (4) together with six known compounds, 5-10, were isolated from the stem and root extracts of Uvaria cherrevensis (Annonaceae). The structures of all isolated compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The structures of 3 and 4 were further confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Compound 2 exhibited modest antiplasmodial activity against the P. falciparum stains TM4/8.2 and K1CB1 with IC50 values of 18.8±3.63 and 23.4±4.08μM, respectively, and weak cytotoxicity to a Vero cell line. Furthermore, compound 4 displayed cytotoxic activity against a KB cell line with an IC50 value of 22.1±0.42μM but was non-cytotoxic to the Vero cell line. Compound 5 revealed stronger cytotoxicity towards the KB cell line, with an IC50 value of 5.05±0.86μM and was nearly equally cytotoxic to the Vero cell line.