Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Marijuana and tobacco co-use among a nationally representative sample of US pregnant and non-pregnant women: 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health findings.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 08 01; 177:130-135.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Marijuana and tobacco are the most commonly used illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine a nationally representative sample of US pregnant women and to: (1) determine the prevalence of past month marijuana and tobacco co-use, (2) identify characteristics that distinguish marijuana and tobacco co-users from users of marijuana only, tobacco only, or neither, and (3) compare characteristics that differ between pregnant and non-pregnant co-users of marijuana and tobacco.

METHODS

Data were obtained from 497,218 US women (8721 pregnant) ages 12-49 who participated in the 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Prevalence and demographic and substance use characteristics were compared across groups using weighted estimates and chi-squared tests. Multinomial logistic regression identified demographic and substance use correlates of co-use.

RESULTS

Co-use among pregnant and non-pregnant women was significantly more prevalent than marijuana-only use but was less common than tobacco-only use. In unadjusted frequencies, pregnant co-users significantly differed from non-pregnant co-users across several domains. Among pregnant women, multivariate correlates of co-use of tobacco and marijuana vs. tobacco-only use were ages 12-17, non-Hispanic black race, Hispanic ethnicity, and past month polytobacco, any alcohol, and other drug use (all adjusted odds ratios≥2.0).

CONCLUSIONS

In this first examination of the prevalence and correlates of co-use of marijuana and tobacco among a nationally representative group of pregnant women, pregnant co-users were more likely to report other high risk behaviors compared with non-pregnant co-users and users of a single substance, suggesting disparities worthy of further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Battelle Public Health Center for Tobacco Research, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address: colemancowger@battelle.org.Health Services Department, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.Battelle Public Health Center for Tobacco Research, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28599211

Citation

Coleman-Cowger, Victoria H., et al. "Marijuana and Tobacco Co-use Among a Nationally Representative Sample of US Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women: 2005-2014 National Survey On Drug Use and Health Findings." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 177, 2017, pp. 130-135.
Coleman-Cowger VH, Schauer GL, Peters EN. Marijuana and tobacco co-use among a nationally representative sample of US pregnant and non-pregnant women: 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health findings. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017;177:130-135.
Coleman-Cowger, V. H., Schauer, G. L., & Peters, E. N. (2017). Marijuana and tobacco co-use among a nationally representative sample of US pregnant and non-pregnant women: 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health findings. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 177, 130-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.03.025
Coleman-Cowger VH, Schauer GL, Peters EN. Marijuana and Tobacco Co-use Among a Nationally Representative Sample of US Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women: 2005-2014 National Survey On Drug Use and Health Findings. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 08 1;177:130-135. PubMed PMID: 28599211.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Marijuana and tobacco co-use among a nationally representative sample of US pregnant and non-pregnant women: 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health findings. AU - Coleman-Cowger,Victoria H, AU - Schauer,Gillian L, AU - Peters,Erica N, Y1 - 2017/05/24/ PY - 2016/12/20/received PY - 2017/03/02/revised PY - 2017/03/14/accepted PY - 2017/6/10/pubmed PY - 2018/3/13/medline PY - 2017/6/10/entrez KW - Cannabis KW - Co-use KW - Disparity KW - Marijuana KW - Pregnancy KW - Tobacco SP - 130 EP - 135 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 177 N2 - BACKGROUND: Marijuana and tobacco are the most commonly used illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine a nationally representative sample of US pregnant women and to: (1) determine the prevalence of past month marijuana and tobacco co-use, (2) identify characteristics that distinguish marijuana and tobacco co-users from users of marijuana only, tobacco only, or neither, and (3) compare characteristics that differ between pregnant and non-pregnant co-users of marijuana and tobacco. METHODS: Data were obtained from 497,218 US women (8721 pregnant) ages 12-49 who participated in the 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Prevalence and demographic and substance use characteristics were compared across groups using weighted estimates and chi-squared tests. Multinomial logistic regression identified demographic and substance use correlates of co-use. RESULTS: Co-use among pregnant and non-pregnant women was significantly more prevalent than marijuana-only use but was less common than tobacco-only use. In unadjusted frequencies, pregnant co-users significantly differed from non-pregnant co-users across several domains. Among pregnant women, multivariate correlates of co-use of tobacco and marijuana vs. tobacco-only use were ages 12-17, non-Hispanic black race, Hispanic ethnicity, and past month polytobacco, any alcohol, and other drug use (all adjusted odds ratios≥2.0). CONCLUSIONS: In this first examination of the prevalence and correlates of co-use of marijuana and tobacco among a nationally representative group of pregnant women, pregnant co-users were more likely to report other high risk behaviors compared with non-pregnant co-users and users of a single substance, suggesting disparities worthy of further investigation. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28599211/Marijuana_and_tobacco_co_use_among_a_nationally_representative_sample_of_US_pregnant_and_non_pregnant_women:_2005_2014_National_Survey_on_Drug_Use_and_Health_findings_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(17)30215-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -