Schistosoma mansoni, S. japonicum, and S. haematobium: permeability to acidic amino acids and effect of separated and unseparated adults.Exp Parasitol 1985; 59(3):355-63EP
Permeability of the tegument of male and female Schistosoma mansoni was measured in vitro and a comparison was made between copulating and separated worms. In unpaired (separated) schistosomes, a carrier-mediated (selective) transport system for acidic amino acids was demonstrated. Males and females exhibited similar uptake rates for aspartate and glutamate. Half-saturation constants for aspartate (males, 0.035 +/- 0.008 mM; females, 0.026 +/- 0.006 mM) and glutamate (males, 0.010 +/- 0.007 mM; females, 0.015 +/- 0.004 mM) were determined for separated worms only. Time-course studies provided estimates of aspartate influx rates in males (7.3 pmol min-1 worm-1) and females (2.3 pmol min-1 worm-1). The most dramatic observation, however, was that, in copula, neither male nor female schistosomes took up acidic amino acids, but may have excluded these compounds. Thus, this ouabain-insensitive, mediated mechanism was operational only when the worms were unmated. In S. japonicum, no uptake of glutamate was observed in either mated or separated males and females. In S. haematobium, saturable uptake of aspartate was apparent in both mated and unmated males and females, indicating that species-specific differences in uptake of acidic amino acids existed. These studies indicate the need for cautious interpretation of data obtained from in vitro analyses of separated male and female mansonian schistosomes, and that such conditions may not reflect in vivo or in copula function.