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Intentional outdoor tanning in the United States: Results from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles survey.
Prev Med 2017; 101:137-141PM

Abstract

There is limited literature about adults in the United States who usually or always spend time outdoors for the purpose of developing a tan, defined as intentional outdoor tanning. Using data from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles, an online cross-sectional survey weighted to the US adult population (n=4,127), we performed unadjusted and adjusted multivariable logistic regressions to examine the associations between demographic characteristics, behaviors, and belief factors related to skin cancer risk and intentional outdoor tanning. Nearly 10% of the study population intentionally tanned outdoors. Outdoor tanning was more prevalent among women (11.4%), non-Hispanic white individuals (11.5%), those aged 18-29years (14.1%), those without a high school diploma (12.7%), and those in the northeast United States (13.2%). The adjusted odds of outdoor tanning were significantly higher among women than men (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-2.04); those with a history of indoor tanning or recent sunburn than those without (AOR 2.61, CI 1.94-3.51; AOR 1.96, CI 1.46-2.63, respectively); those who agreed they looked better with a tan than those who did not (AOR 6.69, CI 3.62-12.35); and those who did not try to protect their skin from the sun when outdoors than those who did (AOR 2.17, CI 1.56-3.04). Adults who engaged in other risky behaviors that expose a person to ultraviolet (UV) radiation were more likely to tan outdoors, further increasing their risk of skin cancer. These findings may guide potential interventions to reduce UV exposure from outdoor tanning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: xhr1@cdc.gov.Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28601617

Citation

Shoemaker, Meredith L., et al. "Intentional Outdoor Tanning in the United States: Results From the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles Survey." Preventive Medicine, vol. 101, 2017, pp. 137-141.
Shoemaker ML, Berkowitz Z, Watson M. Intentional outdoor tanning in the United States: Results from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles survey. Prev Med. 2017;101:137-141.
Shoemaker, M. L., Berkowitz, Z., & Watson, M. (2017). Intentional outdoor tanning in the United States: Results from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles survey. Preventive Medicine, 101, pp. 137-141. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.06.003.
Shoemaker ML, Berkowitz Z, Watson M. Intentional Outdoor Tanning in the United States: Results From the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles Survey. Prev Med. 2017;101:137-141. PubMed PMID: 28601617.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intentional outdoor tanning in the United States: Results from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles survey. AU - Shoemaker,Meredith L, AU - Berkowitz,Zahava, AU - Watson,Meg, Y1 - 2017/06/07/ PY - 2016/12/05/received PY - 2017/06/01/revised PY - 2017/06/05/accepted PY - 2017/6/12/pubmed PY - 2018/5/23/medline PY - 2017/6/12/entrez KW - Outdoor tanning KW - Skin cancer KW - Sun exposure KW - Sunbathing KW - Ultraviolet rays SP - 137 EP - 141 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 101 N2 - There is limited literature about adults in the United States who usually or always spend time outdoors for the purpose of developing a tan, defined as intentional outdoor tanning. Using data from the 2015 Summer ConsumerStyles, an online cross-sectional survey weighted to the US adult population (n=4,127), we performed unadjusted and adjusted multivariable logistic regressions to examine the associations between demographic characteristics, behaviors, and belief factors related to skin cancer risk and intentional outdoor tanning. Nearly 10% of the study population intentionally tanned outdoors. Outdoor tanning was more prevalent among women (11.4%), non-Hispanic white individuals (11.5%), those aged 18-29years (14.1%), those without a high school diploma (12.7%), and those in the northeast United States (13.2%). The adjusted odds of outdoor tanning were significantly higher among women than men (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-2.04); those with a history of indoor tanning or recent sunburn than those without (AOR 2.61, CI 1.94-3.51; AOR 1.96, CI 1.46-2.63, respectively); those who agreed they looked better with a tan than those who did not (AOR 6.69, CI 3.62-12.35); and those who did not try to protect their skin from the sun when outdoors than those who did (AOR 2.17, CI 1.56-3.04). Adults who engaged in other risky behaviors that expose a person to ultraviolet (UV) radiation were more likely to tan outdoors, further increasing their risk of skin cancer. These findings may guide potential interventions to reduce UV exposure from outdoor tanning. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28601617/Intentional_outdoor_tanning_in_the_United_States:_Results_from_the_2015_Summer_ConsumerStyles_survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(17)30206-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -