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Enrichment of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet with medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract: Effects on skin mucosal immunity and growth performance.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017 Aug; 67:346-352.FS

Abstract

A feeding trial was performed to assess the effects of dietary Medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract (MLE) on the growth performance, skin mucus non-specific immune parameters as well as mRNA levels of immune and antioxidant related genes in the skin of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings. Fish were fed diets supplemented with graded levels (0, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.00%) of MLE for 49 days. The results revealed an improvement to the growth performance and feed conversion ratio in MLE fed carps (P < 0.05), regardless of the inclusion level. The immunoglobulin levels and interleukin 8 levels in the skin mucous and skin, respectively, revealed significant increment in fish fed 1% MLE (P < 0.05) in comparison with the other MLE treatments and control group. Also, feeding on 0.25% and 0.50% MLE remarkably increased skin mucus lysozyme activity (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant difference between MLE treated groups and control (P > 0.05) in case protease activity in the skin mucous or tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1 beta gene expression in the skin of carps (P > 0.05). The expression of genes encoding glutathione reductase and glutathione S-transferase alpha were remarkably increased in MLE fed carps compared to the control group (P < 0.05) while carp fed 0.50% or 1.00% MLE had significantly increased glutathione peroxidase expression in their skin (P < 0.05). The present results revealed the potentially beneficial effects of MLE on the mucosal immune system and growth performance in common carp fingerlings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: hoseinifar@gau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Animal and Aquatic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28602735

Citation

Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein, et al. "Enrichment of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio) Diet With Medlar (Mespilus Germanica) Leaf Extract: Effects On Skin Mucosal Immunity and Growth Performance." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 67, 2017, pp. 346-352.
Hoseinifar SH, Khodadadian Zou H, Kolangi Miandare H, et al. Enrichment of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet with medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract: Effects on skin mucosal immunity and growth performance. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;67:346-352.
Hoseinifar, S. H., Khodadadian Zou, H., Kolangi Miandare, H., Van Doan, H., Romano, N., & Dadar, M. (2017). Enrichment of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet with medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract: Effects on skin mucosal immunity and growth performance. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 67, 346-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.06.023
Hoseinifar SH, et al. Enrichment of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio) Diet With Medlar (Mespilus Germanica) Leaf Extract: Effects On Skin Mucosal Immunity and Growth Performance. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;67:346-352. PubMed PMID: 28602735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Enrichment of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet with medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract: Effects on skin mucosal immunity and growth performance. AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Khodadadian Zou,Hassan, AU - Kolangi Miandare,Hamed, AU - Van Doan,Hien, AU - Romano,Nicholas, AU - Dadar,Maryam, Y1 - 2017/06/07/ PY - 2017/04/20/received PY - 2017/06/04/revised PY - 2017/06/06/accepted PY - 2017/6/13/pubmed PY - 2017/12/19/medline PY - 2017/6/13/entrez KW - Antioxidant enzymes KW - Common carp KW - Herb extract KW - Immunostimulant KW - Medlar KW - Mucosal immune response SP - 346 EP - 352 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 67 N2 - A feeding trial was performed to assess the effects of dietary Medlar (Mespilus germanica) leaf extract (MLE) on the growth performance, skin mucus non-specific immune parameters as well as mRNA levels of immune and antioxidant related genes in the skin of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings. Fish were fed diets supplemented with graded levels (0, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.00%) of MLE for 49 days. The results revealed an improvement to the growth performance and feed conversion ratio in MLE fed carps (P < 0.05), regardless of the inclusion level. The immunoglobulin levels and interleukin 8 levels in the skin mucous and skin, respectively, revealed significant increment in fish fed 1% MLE (P < 0.05) in comparison with the other MLE treatments and control group. Also, feeding on 0.25% and 0.50% MLE remarkably increased skin mucus lysozyme activity (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant difference between MLE treated groups and control (P > 0.05) in case protease activity in the skin mucous or tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1 beta gene expression in the skin of carps (P > 0.05). The expression of genes encoding glutathione reductase and glutathione S-transferase alpha were remarkably increased in MLE fed carps compared to the control group (P < 0.05) while carp fed 0.50% or 1.00% MLE had significantly increased glutathione peroxidase expression in their skin (P < 0.05). The present results revealed the potentially beneficial effects of MLE on the mucosal immune system and growth performance in common carp fingerlings. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28602735/Enrichment_of_common_carp__Cyprinus_carpio__diet_with_medlar__Mespilus_germanica__leaf_extract:_Effects_on_skin_mucosal_immunity_and_growth_performance_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(17)30344-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -