Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Apple cider vinegar boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017 Aug; 67:441-448.FS

Abstract

The present study was performed to investigate the immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of combined or singular administration of apple cider vinegar (ACV) and Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet. An 8-week feeding trial was designed with following treatments: Control (basal diet), Pro (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei), LACV (contains 1% ACV), HACV (contains 2% ACV), Pro + LACV (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei plus 1% ACV) and Pro + HACV (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei plus 2% ACV). Evaluation of skin mucus revealed notable increase of total Ig level and lysozyme activity in Pro + LACV and Pro + HACV treatments compared other groups (P < 0.05). Similarly, serum total Ig and lysozyme activity in HACV, Pro + LACV and Pro + HACV fed carps was remarkably higher than other groups (P < 0.05). However, regarding serum alternative complement (ACH50) activity significant difference was observed just between Pro + HACV and control treatment (P < 0.05). The highest expression of immune related (LYZ, TNF-alpha, IL1b, IL8) and antioxidant enzymes genes (GSR, GST) were observed in carps fed Pro + HACV and Pro + LACV. The expression of GH gene expression in Pro, LACV and HACV treatments was significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05). The highest expression level of GH and IGF1 was observed in fish fed combined Pro and ACV (P < 0.05). These results indicated that co-administration of ACV boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of L. casei and can be considered as a promising immunostimulants in early stage of common carp culture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: rsafari@gau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: Hoseinifar@gau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Medical Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28602743

Citation

Safari, Roghieh, et al. "Apple Cider Vinegar Boosted Immunomodulatory and Health Promoting Effects of Lactobacillus Casei in Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 67, 2017, pp. 441-448.
Safari R, Hoseinifar SH, Nejadmoghadam S, et al. Apple cider vinegar boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;67:441-448.
Safari, R., Hoseinifar, S. H., Nejadmoghadam, S., & Khalili, M. (2017). Apple cider vinegar boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 67, 441-448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.06.017
Safari R, et al. Apple Cider Vinegar Boosted Immunomodulatory and Health Promoting Effects of Lactobacillus Casei in Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2017;67:441-448. PubMed PMID: 28602743.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Apple cider vinegar boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). AU - Safari,Roghieh, AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Nejadmoghadam,Shabnam, AU - Khalili,Mohsen, Y1 - 2017/06/07/ PY - 2016/12/27/received PY - 2017/06/03/revised PY - 2017/06/05/accepted PY - 2017/6/13/pubmed PY - 2018/1/18/medline PY - 2017/6/13/entrez KW - Apple cider vinegar KW - Common carp KW - Immunostimulants KW - Lactobacillus casei KW - Mucosal immunity KW - Probiotic SP - 441 EP - 448 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 67 N2 - The present study was performed to investigate the immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of combined or singular administration of apple cider vinegar (ACV) and Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet. An 8-week feeding trial was designed with following treatments: Control (basal diet), Pro (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei), LACV (contains 1% ACV), HACV (contains 2% ACV), Pro + LACV (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei plus 1% ACV) and Pro + HACV (contains 107 CFU g-1L. casei plus 2% ACV). Evaluation of skin mucus revealed notable increase of total Ig level and lysozyme activity in Pro + LACV and Pro + HACV treatments compared other groups (P < 0.05). Similarly, serum total Ig and lysozyme activity in HACV, Pro + LACV and Pro + HACV fed carps was remarkably higher than other groups (P < 0.05). However, regarding serum alternative complement (ACH50) activity significant difference was observed just between Pro + HACV and control treatment (P < 0.05). The highest expression of immune related (LYZ, TNF-alpha, IL1b, IL8) and antioxidant enzymes genes (GSR, GST) were observed in carps fed Pro + HACV and Pro + LACV. The expression of GH gene expression in Pro, LACV and HACV treatments was significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05). The highest expression level of GH and IGF1 was observed in fish fed combined Pro and ACV (P < 0.05). These results indicated that co-administration of ACV boosted immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of L. casei and can be considered as a promising immunostimulants in early stage of common carp culture. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28602743/Apple_cider_vinegar_boosted_immunomodulatory_and_health_promoting_effects_of_Lactobacillus_casei_in_common_carp__Cyprinus_carpio__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(17)30338-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -