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Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents.
Nutrients. 2017 Jun 14; 9(6)N

Abstract

Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772). Participant-defined eating occasions were classified as breakfast, lunch, dinner or other eating occasions combined. The mean percent contribution to the total day intake of top shortfall nutrients (calcium, magnesium, vitamin A, iron), discretionary calories, saturated fat, free sugars and sodium, as well as nutrient density, the foods consumed and the percent of consumers at each eating occasion, were calculated. Breakfast had the lowest prevalence of consumers (81%), contributed the least to total daily energy (14.6%) and almost a quarter of daily calcium and iron. Other eating occasions combined contributed 47.5% of free sugars and were top contributors of daily calcium (34.6%) and magnesium (31.7%). Discretionary foods contributed 32.4% of the energy at lunch, and the sodium content at lunch was 415 mg/1000 kJ. Key opportunities identified for adolescents were to increase breakfast consumption, given the high nutrient densities of breakfasts consumed; improve overall lunch quality, particularly the sodium content; promote the intake of milk, fruit and a variety of vegetables at both lunch and dinner; maintain healthful choices at in-between meal eating occasions while focusing on decreasing the intake of discretionary foods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Research Australia, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. flavia@nraus.com.Nutrition Research Australia, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. andrew@nraus.com.Nestlé Australia Ltd., Rhodes, NSW 2138, Australia. jean.kim@au.nestle.com.Nestlé Research Center, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland. kevin.mathias@rdls.nestle.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28613261

Citation

Fayet-Moore, Flavia, et al. "Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 6, 2017.
Fayet-Moore F, McConnell A, Kim J, et al. Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents. Nutrients. 2017;9(6).
Fayet-Moore, F., McConnell, A., Kim, J., & Mathias, K. C. (2017). Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents. Nutrients, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9060608
Fayet-Moore F, et al. Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents. Nutrients. 2017 Jun 14;9(6) PubMed PMID: 28613261.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Identifying Eating Occasion-Based Opportunities to Improve the Overall Diets of Australian Adolescents. AU - Fayet-Moore,Flavia, AU - McConnell,Andrew, AU - Kim,Jean, AU - Mathias,Kevin C, Y1 - 2017/06/14/ PY - 2017/04/12/received PY - 2017/05/09/revised PY - 2017/06/09/accepted PY - 2017/6/15/entrez PY - 2017/6/15/pubmed PY - 2018/3/20/medline KW - Australian diets KW - adolescents KW - dietary quality KW - discretionary energy KW - eating occasions KW - food intake KW - food-based recommendations KW - meal patterns KW - nutrient intake KW - shortfall nutrients JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772). Participant-defined eating occasions were classified as breakfast, lunch, dinner or other eating occasions combined. The mean percent contribution to the total day intake of top shortfall nutrients (calcium, magnesium, vitamin A, iron), discretionary calories, saturated fat, free sugars and sodium, as well as nutrient density, the foods consumed and the percent of consumers at each eating occasion, were calculated. Breakfast had the lowest prevalence of consumers (81%), contributed the least to total daily energy (14.6%) and almost a quarter of daily calcium and iron. Other eating occasions combined contributed 47.5% of free sugars and were top contributors of daily calcium (34.6%) and magnesium (31.7%). Discretionary foods contributed 32.4% of the energy at lunch, and the sodium content at lunch was 415 mg/1000 kJ. Key opportunities identified for adolescents were to increase breakfast consumption, given the high nutrient densities of breakfasts consumed; improve overall lunch quality, particularly the sodium content; promote the intake of milk, fruit and a variety of vegetables at both lunch and dinner; maintain healthful choices at in-between meal eating occasions while focusing on decreasing the intake of discretionary foods. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28613261/Identifying_Eating_Occasion_Based_Opportunities_to_Improve_the_Overall_Diets_of_Australian_Adolescents_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9060608 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -