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[Study on mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2017 Jun; 29(6):501-505.ZW

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To approach the mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction.

METHODS

Sixty clean healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and observation group (each n = 20). The rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was established by ligation of left anterior descent (LAD) branch of coronary artery. After modeling, the rats in observation group were given 0.135 g/kg of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills, and sham operation group and model group were administered the same amount of normal saline, once a day for consecutive 28 days. At the end of treatment, the levels of serum inflammatory factors of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the changes of the indexes of hemodynamic [left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), the maximal rate of increase/decrease in left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt max)], the ratio of the heart weight/body weight, and the ratio of the left ventricular weight/heart weight (LVW/HW), the myocardial infarction area, myocardial histopathological changes were observed in the three groups; myocardial tissues inflammatory related factors [the mRNA and protein expressions of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)], and the expression levels of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein (TGF-β1, Smad2/3, Collagen I, Collagen III) and cell apoptosis related factors (Bcl-2, Bax) protein were measured.

RESULTS

Compared with the sham operation group, levels of serum inflammatory factors, the index of LVEDP, the ratio of the heart weight/body weight, LVW/HW, myocardial infarction area, the mRNA and protein expression levels of inflammatory factors in myocardium, the expression levels of TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein and the cell apoptosis related factors protein in model group were all significantly elevated, while LVSP and ±dp/dt max were obviously decreased in model group. Compared with the model group, the levels of inflammatory factor in serum [LTB4 (ng/L): 370.11±46.98 vs. 633.23±83.37, PGE2 (ng/L): 48.75±26.35 vs. 131.25±29.75, TNF-α (μg/L): 177.28±22.65 vs. 248.47±16.21, IL-6 (μg/L): 493.22±165.99 vs. 638.41±191.66], LVEDP [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): -2.03±2.98 vs. 7.03±1.39], the ratio of the heart weight/body weight [(6.53±0.11)% vs. (7.14±0.24)%], LVW/HW (0.26±0.01 vs. 0.32±0.02), myocardial infarction area [(27.21±2.87)% vs. (44.98±1.52)%], mRNA and protein expression of myocardial inflammatory factors, the expression of TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein, and the protein expression of Bax were all significantly decreased in observation group (all P < 0.05), LVSP (mmHg: 129.01±11.93 vs. 108.11±12.69), the +dp/dt max (mmHg/s: 3 101.3±378.6 vs. 2 105.3±245.9), the -dp/dt max (mmHg/s: 2 612.4±249.7 vs. 1 654.4±188.1), while the protein expression of Bcl-2 in observation group were obviously increased (all P < 0.05). It was demonstrated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining that there were no obvious pathological changes in the sham operation group; obvious infiltration of inflammatory factors in myocardium was shown in model group; pathological changes in the observation group were significantly improved as compared with those in the model group. It was shown by Masson staining that there were slight hyperplasia of myocardial fibers and no obvious pathological changes in the sham operation group. Severe collagen hyperplasia was found in model group, and the degree of fibrosis in the observation group was significantly improved.

CONCLUSIONS

Qishen Yiqi dropping pills can reduce the degree of myocardial fibrosis and inhibit the ventricular remodeling via TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway. The dropping pills can also suppress the release of inflammatory factors by reducing cPLA2 to decrease the inflammatory response and inhibit apoptosis and alleviate myocardial injury by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and down-regulating the expression of Bax.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiovascular system, Beijing University International Hospital, Beijing 102206, China (Yang Q); Department of Cardiology, People' s Hospital of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China (Cao YS). Corresponding author: Yang Quan, Email: doctoryangquan@163.com.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

28625237

Citation

Yang, Quan, and Yunshan Cao. "[Study On Mechanisms and Myocardial Protective Effect of Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills On Rats With Myocardial Infarction]." Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue, vol. 29, no. 6, 2017, pp. 501-505.
Yang Q, Cao Y. [Study on mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction]. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2017;29(6):501-505.
Yang, Q., & Cao, Y. (2017). [Study on mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction]. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue, 29(6), 501-505. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2017.06.005
Yang Q, Cao Y. [Study On Mechanisms and Myocardial Protective Effect of Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills On Rats With Myocardial Infarction]. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2017;29(6):501-505. PubMed PMID: 28625237.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Study on mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction]. AU - Yang,Quan, AU - Cao,Yunshan, PY - 2017/6/20/entrez PY - 2017/6/20/pubmed PY - 2018/10/20/medline SP - 501 EP - 505 JF - Zhonghua wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue JO - Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue VL - 29 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To approach the mechanisms and myocardial protective effect of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills on rats with myocardial infarction. METHODS: Sixty clean healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and observation group (each n = 20). The rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was established by ligation of left anterior descent (LAD) branch of coronary artery. After modeling, the rats in observation group were given 0.135 g/kg of Qishen Yiqi dropping pills, and sham operation group and model group were administered the same amount of normal saline, once a day for consecutive 28 days. At the end of treatment, the levels of serum inflammatory factors of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the changes of the indexes of hemodynamic [left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), the maximal rate of increase/decrease in left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt max)], the ratio of the heart weight/body weight, and the ratio of the left ventricular weight/heart weight (LVW/HW), the myocardial infarction area, myocardial histopathological changes were observed in the three groups; myocardial tissues inflammatory related factors [the mRNA and protein expressions of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)], and the expression levels of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein (TGF-β1, Smad2/3, Collagen I, Collagen III) and cell apoptosis related factors (Bcl-2, Bax) protein were measured. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, levels of serum inflammatory factors, the index of LVEDP, the ratio of the heart weight/body weight, LVW/HW, myocardial infarction area, the mRNA and protein expression levels of inflammatory factors in myocardium, the expression levels of TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein and the cell apoptosis related factors protein in model group were all significantly elevated, while LVSP and ±dp/dt max were obviously decreased in model group. Compared with the model group, the levels of inflammatory factor in serum [LTB4 (ng/L): 370.11±46.98 vs. 633.23±83.37, PGE2 (ng/L): 48.75±26.35 vs. 131.25±29.75, TNF-α (μg/L): 177.28±22.65 vs. 248.47±16.21, IL-6 (μg/L): 493.22±165.99 vs. 638.41±191.66], LVEDP [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): -2.03±2.98 vs. 7.03±1.39], the ratio of the heart weight/body weight [(6.53±0.11)% vs. (7.14±0.24)%], LVW/HW (0.26±0.01 vs. 0.32±0.02), myocardial infarction area [(27.21±2.87)% vs. (44.98±1.52)%], mRNA and protein expression of myocardial inflammatory factors, the expression of TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway related protein, and the protein expression of Bax were all significantly decreased in observation group (all P < 0.05), LVSP (mmHg: 129.01±11.93 vs. 108.11±12.69), the +dp/dt max (mmHg/s: 3 101.3±378.6 vs. 2 105.3±245.9), the -dp/dt max (mmHg/s: 2 612.4±249.7 vs. 1 654.4±188.1), while the protein expression of Bcl-2 in observation group were obviously increased (all P < 0.05). It was demonstrated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining that there were no obvious pathological changes in the sham operation group; obvious infiltration of inflammatory factors in myocardium was shown in model group; pathological changes in the observation group were significantly improved as compared with those in the model group. It was shown by Masson staining that there were slight hyperplasia of myocardial fibers and no obvious pathological changes in the sham operation group. Severe collagen hyperplasia was found in model group, and the degree of fibrosis in the observation group was significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS: Qishen Yiqi dropping pills can reduce the degree of myocardial fibrosis and inhibit the ventricular remodeling via TGF-β/Smads signal transduction pathway. The dropping pills can also suppress the release of inflammatory factors by reducing cPLA2 to decrease the inflammatory response and inhibit apoptosis and alleviate myocardial injury by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and down-regulating the expression of Bax. SN - 2095-4352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28625237/[Study_on_mechanisms_and_myocardial_protective_effect_of_Qishen_Yiqi_dropping_pills_on_rats_with_myocardial_infarction]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/heartattack.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -