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Spatial and temporal trends of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in fish fillets and water collected from pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River.
Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017 11; 36(11):3138-3147.ET

Abstract

In 2011, poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were analyzed in surface water and fish fillet samples taken from Pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River, a 33-mile stretch inclusive of the Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota (USA) metropolitan area. Approximately 100 each of bluegill, freshwater drum, smallmouth bass, and white bass were sampled within the study area. Surface water samples were also collected from each of the 10 sampling reaches established for the study. Water and fillet samples were analyzed for perfluorinated carboxylic acids (C4-C12), perfluorinated sulfonic acids (C4, C6, and C8), and perfluorooctane sulfonamide. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was observed with the greatest frequency in fish fillets and ranged from 3.0 to 760 ng/g wet weight. Mean (geometric) PFOS concentrations in bluegill, freshwater drum, smallmouth bass, and white bass were 20, 28, 29, and 58 ng/g wet weight, respectively. When compared with fish data collected in 2009, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in PFOS concentrations was noted. This finding was confirmed based on data from studies conducted in 2012 and 2013. Overall, between 2009 and 2013, PFOS concentrations decreased by 65, 76, and 50% for bluegill, freshwater drum, and white bass, respectively (44% decrease for smallmouth bass from 2009 to 2012). These declines in fish PFOS concentrations are consistent with ongoing efforts to effectively control sources of PFASs to the Mississippi River. Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:3138-3147. © 2017 SETAC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Natural Resource Technology, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.GEI Consultants of Michigan, Lansing, Michigan, USA.3M Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.3M Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.3M Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.3M Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.3M Company, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28628233

Citation

Newsted, John L., et al. "Spatial and Temporal Trends of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Fish Fillets and Water Collected From Pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River." Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 36, no. 11, 2017, pp. 3138-3147.
Newsted JL, Holem R, Hohenstein G, et al. Spatial and temporal trends of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in fish fillets and water collected from pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017;36(11):3138-3147.
Newsted, J. L., Holem, R., Hohenstein, G., Lange, C., Ellefson, M., Reagen, W., & Wolf, S. (2017). Spatial and temporal trends of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in fish fillets and water collected from pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 36(11), 3138-3147. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.3891
Newsted JL, et al. Spatial and Temporal Trends of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Fish Fillets and Water Collected From Pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017;36(11):3138-3147. PubMed PMID: 28628233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Spatial and temporal trends of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in fish fillets and water collected from pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River. AU - Newsted,John L, AU - Holem,Ryan, AU - Hohenstein,Gary, AU - Lange,Cleston, AU - Ellefson,Mark, AU - Reagen,William, AU - Wolf,Susan, Y1 - 2017/08/04/ PY - 2016/10/04/received PY - 2017/02/13/revised PY - 2017/06/16/accepted PY - 2017/6/20/pubmed PY - 2017/12/22/medline PY - 2017/6/20/entrez KW - Biomonitoring KW - Fish KW - Mississippi River KW - Perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) KW - Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) SP - 3138 EP - 3147 JF - Environmental toxicology and chemistry JO - Environ. Toxicol. Chem. VL - 36 IS - 11 N2 - In 2011, poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were analyzed in surface water and fish fillet samples taken from Pool 2 of the Upper Mississippi River, a 33-mile stretch inclusive of the Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota (USA) metropolitan area. Approximately 100 each of bluegill, freshwater drum, smallmouth bass, and white bass were sampled within the study area. Surface water samples were also collected from each of the 10 sampling reaches established for the study. Water and fillet samples were analyzed for perfluorinated carboxylic acids (C4-C12), perfluorinated sulfonic acids (C4, C6, and C8), and perfluorooctane sulfonamide. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was observed with the greatest frequency in fish fillets and ranged from 3.0 to 760 ng/g wet weight. Mean (geometric) PFOS concentrations in bluegill, freshwater drum, smallmouth bass, and white bass were 20, 28, 29, and 58 ng/g wet weight, respectively. When compared with fish data collected in 2009, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in PFOS concentrations was noted. This finding was confirmed based on data from studies conducted in 2012 and 2013. Overall, between 2009 and 2013, PFOS concentrations decreased by 65, 76, and 50% for bluegill, freshwater drum, and white bass, respectively (44% decrease for smallmouth bass from 2009 to 2012). These declines in fish PFOS concentrations are consistent with ongoing efforts to effectively control sources of PFASs to the Mississippi River. Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:3138-3147. © 2017 SETAC. SN - 1552-8618 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28628233/Spatial_and_temporal_trends_of_poly__and_perfluoroalkyl_substances_in_fish_fillets_and_water_collected_from_pool_2_of_the_Upper_Mississippi_River_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.3891 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -