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Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial.
Health Educ Behav 2018; 45(2):238-246HE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood.

METHOD

We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children (n = 301; 4.5 ± 0.15 years). PSE was assessed using a questionnaire, dietary data were collected using a mobile technology-assisted methodology, and PA was obtained (sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous) by accelerometry. Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA.

RESULTS

Higher scores of total PSE and the diet factor were associated with higher fruit intake (β = 0.82 g/point and 1.99 g/point; p = .014 and .009, respectively) and lower consumption of unhealthy snacks (β = -0.42 g/point and -0.89 g/point; p = .012 and .020, respectively) after adjustment for parental body mass index and education, respondent, and child's sex and age. No associations were observed between PSE and PA, body composition, or cardiorespiratory fitness.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study noted that PSE should be considered in conjunction with other strategies for a sustainable impact on childhood obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 New York University, New York, NY, USA.2 University of Granada, Granada, Spain. 3 Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.4 Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.3 Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.2 University of Granada, Granada, Spain.2 University of Granada, Granada, Spain.5 Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield Clinic Health System, Marshfield, WI, USA.3 Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. 4 Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28629222

Citation

Parekh, Niyati, et al. "Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial." Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, vol. 45, no. 2, 2018, pp. 238-246.
Parekh N, Henriksson P, Delisle Nyström C, et al. Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial. Health Educ Behav. 2018;45(2):238-246.
Parekh, N., Henriksson, P., Delisle Nyström, C., Silfvernagel, K., Ruiz, J. R., Ortega, F. B., ... Löf, M. (2018). Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial. Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 45(2), pp. 238-246. doi:10.1177/1090198117714019.
Parekh N, et al. Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial. Health Educ Behav. 2018;45(2):238-246. PubMed PMID: 28629222.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial. AU - Parekh,Niyati, AU - Henriksson,Pontus, AU - Delisle Nyström,Christine, AU - Silfvernagel,Kristin, AU - Ruiz,Jonatan R, AU - Ortega,Francisco B, AU - Pomeroy,Jeremy, AU - Löf,Marie, Y1 - 2017/06/19/ PY - 2017/6/21/pubmed PY - 2019/4/10/medline PY - 2017/6/21/entrez KW - MINISTOP trial KW - body composition KW - body mass index KW - parental self-efficacy KW - physical fitness SP - 238 EP - 246 JF - Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education JO - Health Educ Behav VL - 45 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children (n = 301; 4.5 ± 0.15 years). PSE was assessed using a questionnaire, dietary data were collected using a mobile technology-assisted methodology, and PA was obtained (sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous) by accelerometry. Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA. RESULTS: Higher scores of total PSE and the diet factor were associated with higher fruit intake (β = 0.82 g/point and 1.99 g/point; p = .014 and .009, respectively) and lower consumption of unhealthy snacks (β = -0.42 g/point and -0.89 g/point; p = .012 and .020, respectively) after adjustment for parental body mass index and education, respondent, and child's sex and age. No associations were observed between PSE and PA, body composition, or cardiorespiratory fitness. CONCLUSIONS: Our study noted that PSE should be considered in conjunction with other strategies for a sustainable impact on childhood obesity. SN - 1552-6127 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28629222/Associations_of_Parental_Self_Efficacy_With_Diet_Physical_Activity_Body_Composition_and_Cardiorespiratory_Fitness_in_Swedish_Preschoolers:_Results_From_the_MINISTOP_Trial_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1090198117714019?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -