In vitro studies on TSH secretion and adenylate cyclase activity in a human TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma. Effects of somatostatin and dopamine.J Endocrinol Invest. 1985 Jun; 8(3):193-8.JE
We have studied the in vitro TSH secretion and the adenylate cyclase (AC) activity of a human pituitary adenoma surgically removed from a hyperthyroid patient showing high serum TSH levels. The tumor appeared almost homogeneously constituted by cells positive for an anti-TSH-beta antiserum and showing the ultrastructural characteristics of the adenomatous thyrotrophs. Adenoma fragments released in vitro a large amount of TSH (148.4 microU/mg prot/30 min), alpha-subunit (35.5 ng/mg prot/30 min) and TSH-beta (10.1 ng/mg prot/30 min). The effects of somatostatin (GHRIH) and dopamine (DA) on the hormone release have been tested in vitro. Both agents markedly inhibited the release of intact TSH and TSH-beta whereas the release of alpha-subunit was less affected. The two agents were effective at concentrations higher than 10(-8)M. The ability of GHRIH and DA in modulating the AC activity was investigated in membrane fraction preparations. GHRIH inhibited AC at concentrations higher than 10(-7)M. The maximal inhibition was 32% at 10(-5)M. Conversely, DA slightly stimulated AC activity. This effects was not mimicked by the dopaminergic ergot CH 29-717, which was completely ineffective on the enzyme. These results suggest that: 1) in this TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma a normal secretory response to the inhibiting agents (GHRIH and DA) is present; 2) different mechanisms of transduction of the GHRIH and DA signals (cAMP dependent and cAMP independent) could be operating in this tumor.