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Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review.
J Ment Health. 2017 Aug; 26(4):373-384.JM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups.

AIMS

To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions.

METHOD

Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched.

RESULTS

A total of 18 005 papers were found, 571 full texts were read and 36 included in the review. The psychological impact of disasters on employees was associated with pre-disaster factors (experience/training; income; life events/health; job satisfaction), peri-disaster factors (exposure; peri-traumatic experiences; perceptions of safety; injury), social factors (organisational support; social support generally) and post-disaster factors (impact on life).

CONCLUSIONS

It is important to build a resilient workforce outside of a crisis. Pre-disaster training in recognising signs of distress, understanding vulnerability factors such as those described above, which may put certain employees at greater risk of distress and how to support colleagues may be useful. Further research into the effectiveness of post-disaster interventions is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine , London , UK and.a King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine , London , UK and.b Public Health England, Emergency Response Department Science & Technology, Health Protection Directorate , Wilts , UK.a King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine , London , UK and.a King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine , London , UK and.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28635439

Citation

Brooks, Samantha K., et al. "Social and Occupational Factors Associated With Psychological Wellbeing Among Occupational Groups Affected By Disaster: a Systematic Review." Journal of Mental Health (Abingdon, England), vol. 26, no. 4, 2017, pp. 373-384.
Brooks SK, Dunn R, Amlôt R, et al. Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review. J Ment Health. 2017;26(4):373-384.
Brooks, S. K., Dunn, R., Amlôt, R., Rubin, G. J., & Greenberg, N. (2017). Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review. Journal of Mental Health (Abingdon, England), 26(4), 373-384. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1294732
Brooks SK, et al. Social and Occupational Factors Associated With Psychological Wellbeing Among Occupational Groups Affected By Disaster: a Systematic Review. J Ment Health. 2017;26(4):373-384. PubMed PMID: 28635439.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social and occupational factors associated with psychological wellbeing among occupational groups affected by disaster: a systematic review. AU - Brooks,Samantha K, AU - Dunn,Rebecca, AU - Amlôt,Richard, AU - Rubin,G James, AU - Greenberg,Neil, Y1 - 2017/03/01/ PY - 2017/6/22/pubmed PY - 2018/2/3/medline PY - 2017/6/22/entrez KW - Disaster KW - employees KW - mental health KW - psychological impact KW - risk factors KW - trauma SP - 373 EP - 384 JF - Journal of mental health (Abingdon, England) JO - J Ment Health VL - 26 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched. RESULTS: A total of 18 005 papers were found, 571 full texts were read and 36 included in the review. The psychological impact of disasters on employees was associated with pre-disaster factors (experience/training; income; life events/health; job satisfaction), peri-disaster factors (exposure; peri-traumatic experiences; perceptions of safety; injury), social factors (organisational support; social support generally) and post-disaster factors (impact on life). CONCLUSIONS: It is important to build a resilient workforce outside of a crisis. Pre-disaster training in recognising signs of distress, understanding vulnerability factors such as those described above, which may put certain employees at greater risk of distress and how to support colleagues may be useful. Further research into the effectiveness of post-disaster interventions is needed. SN - 1360-0567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28635439/Social_and_occupational_factors_associated_with_psychological_wellbeing_among_occupational_groups_affected_by_disaster:_a_systematic_review_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638237.2017.1294732 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -