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An Emerging Theoretical Model of Music Therapy Student Development.

Abstract

Background

Music therapy students negotiate a complex relationship with music and its use in clinical work throughout their education and training. This distinct, pervasive, and evolving relationship suggests a developmental process unique to music therapy.

Objective

The purpose of this grounded theory study was to create a theoretical model of music therapy students' developmental process, beginning with a study within one large Midwestern university.

Methods

Participants (N = 15) were music therapy students who completed one 60-minute intensive interview, followed by a 20-minute member check meeting. Recorded interviews were transcribed, analyzed, and coded using open and axial coding.

Results

The theoretical model that emerged was a six-step sequential developmental progression that included the following themes: (a) Personal Connection, (b) Turning Point, (c) Adjusting Relationship with Music, (d) Growth and Development, (e) Evolution, and (f) Empowerment. The first three steps are linear; development continues in a cyclical process among the last three steps. As the cycle continues, music therapy students continue to grow and develop their skills, leading to increased empowerment, and more specifically, increased self-efficacy and competence.

Conclusions

Further exploration of the model is needed to inform educators' and other key stakeholders' understanding of student needs and concerns as they progress through music therapy degree programs.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    University of Kansas.

    ,

    University of Kansas.

    ,

    University of Kansas.

    ,

    University of Kansas.

    ,

    University of Kansas.

    University of Kansas.

    Source

    Journal of music therapy 54:2 2017 Jul 01 pg 196-227

    MeSH

    Female
    Grounded Theory
    Humans
    Interviews as Topic
    Male
    Models, Theoretical
    Music Therapy
    Self Efficacy
    Students
    Teaching
    Universities

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28637200

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - An Emerging Theoretical Model of Music Therapy Student Development. AU - Dvorak,Abbey L, AU - Hernandez-Ruiz,Eugenia, AU - Jang,Sekyung, AU - Kim,Borin, AU - Joseph,Megan, AU - Wells,Kori E, PY - 2017/6/24/pubmed PY - 2017/11/29/medline PY - 2017/6/23/entrez KW - education and training KW - grounded theory KW - music therapy KW - qualitative research SP - 196 EP - 227 JF - Journal of music therapy JO - J Music Ther VL - 54 IS - 2 N2 - Background: Music therapy students negotiate a complex relationship with music and its use in clinical work throughout their education and training. This distinct, pervasive, and evolving relationship suggests a developmental process unique to music therapy. Objective: The purpose of this grounded theory study was to create a theoretical model of music therapy students' developmental process, beginning with a study within one large Midwestern university. Methods: Participants (N = 15) were music therapy students who completed one 60-minute intensive interview, followed by a 20-minute member check meeting. Recorded interviews were transcribed, analyzed, and coded using open and axial coding. Results: The theoretical model that emerged was a six-step sequential developmental progression that included the following themes: (a) Personal Connection, (b) Turning Point, (c) Adjusting Relationship with Music, (d) Growth and Development, (e) Evolution, and (f) Empowerment. The first three steps are linear; development continues in a cyclical process among the last three steps. As the cycle continues, music therapy students continue to grow and develop their skills, leading to increased empowerment, and more specifically, increased self-efficacy and competence. Conclusions: Further exploration of the model is needed to inform educators' and other key stakeholders' understanding of student needs and concerns as they progress through music therapy degree programs. SN - 2053-7395 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28637200/An_Emerging_Theoretical_Model_of_Music_Therapy_Student_Development. L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jmt/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jmt/thx005 ER -