Activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway promotes neuroprotection of the δ-opioid receptor agonist against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat models.Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Sep; 93:230-237.BP
The central objective was to identify the role of the PI3K-Akt activation pathway on the neuroprotection of δ-opioid receptor agonist (DADLE) against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in a rat model. Fifty-five male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were included to establish a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model which were then divided into the sham, MCAO, LY294002 (MCAO+DADLE+LY294002 [inhibitor of PI3K-Akt pathway]), DADLE (MCAO+DADLE) and DMSO (MCAO+DADLE+DMSO [dimethyl sulphoxide]) groups. The cerebral infarction (CI) volume and nerve cell apoptosis was determined using TTC and TUNEL staining. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting and immunohistochemistry staining were applied for the expressions of Bad, Bax, Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3. The MCAO group showed higher CI volume, nerve cell apoptosis and cleaved caspase-3 expressions than the DADLE and DMSO groups, which were also higher in the LY294002 group than the DADLE group. Compared with the MCAO group, the mRNA and protein expressions of PI3K and Bcl-2, and the protein expressions of p-Akt and p-Bad were elevated, while the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax were decreased in the DADLE and DMSO groups. Decreased mRNA and protein expressions of PI3K and Bcl-2, reduced protein expressions of p-Akt and p-Bad and elevated mRNA and protein expressions of Bax exhibited in the LY294002 group than the DADLE group. These results indicate that activation of PI3K-Akt pathway promotes the neuroprotection of DADLE against cerebral I/R injury in a rat model by decreasing nerve cells apoptosis.