Baicalein Protects against Rotenone-Induced Neurotoxicity through Induction of Autophagy.Biol Pharm Bull. 2017 Sep 01; 40(9):1537-1543.BP
Baicalein, a typical flavonoid compound, has neuroprotective properties in several neurological disorders. Autophagy plays a central role in maintaining the cellular homeostasis, and is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recently, baicalein has been reported to induce autophagy. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate whether baicalein could protect against rotenone-induced neurotoxicity via induction of autophagy both in SH-SY5Y cells and in a mouse model. A chronic PD mouse model was established by continuous intragastric administration of rotenone for 12 weeks. Baicalein was administrated from 7 to 12 week. Our results showed that baicalein prevented rotenone-induced behavioral deficits, dopaminergic neuronal loss, apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. Furthermore, baicalein restored rotenone-impaired autophagy, and blocking the baicalein-induced autophagy using 3-methyladenine inhibited the neuroprotective effects of bacalein. Baicalein increased cell viability and restored mitochondrial function in SH-SY5Y cells. The beneficial effect of baicalein was abrogated by 3-methyladenine treatment. Furthermore, rapamycin increased autopahgy and reduced the rotenone-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Collectively, these results suggest that baicalein could prevent rotenone-induced neurotoxicity via restoring autophagy.