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Fracture strength of lithium disilicate crowns compared to polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network and zirconia reinforced lithium silicate crowns.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2017 10; 74:342-348.JM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture strength of crowns made from current CAD/CAM materials. In addition the influence of crown thickness and chewing simulation on the fracture strength was evaluated.

METHODS

Crowns were fabricated from lithium disilicate, zirconia reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS-ceramic) and a polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) with an occlusal thickness of 1.0mm or 1.5mm, respectively (n=16). Crowns were cemented on composite dies. Subgroups of eight specimens were loaded with 5kg in a chewing simulator for 1,200,000 cycles with thermal cycling. Finally, all specimens were loaded until fracture in a universal testing machine. Three-way ANOVA was used to detect statistical interaction. Differences regarding the materials were tested with two-way ANOVA, following one-way ANOVA and a post-hoc Tukey's-Test.

RESULTS

All crowns survived the chewing simulation. The material had a significant influence on the fracture resistance (p≤0.05). Lithium disilicate achieved the highest values of fracture strength in almost all groups followed by ZLS-ceramic. PICN achieved the lowest values of fracture strength. Chewing simulation increased the fracture strength of thick lithium disilicate crown significantly. Greater occlusal thickness of all crown materials resulted in higher crown fracture strength before chewing simulation. After chewing simulation occlusal thickness of lithium disilicate and PICN crowns had no significant influence on the fracture strength.

CONCLUSIONS

All crowns revealed fracture strength above the clinically expected loading forces. Therefore the durability of the tested CAD/CAM materials seems promising also in an occlusal thickness of 1.0mm.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Prosthodontics, Propaedeutics and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Christian-Albrechts University at Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: kimsieper@gmx.de.Department of Prosthodontics, Propaedeutics and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Christian-Albrechts University at Kiel, Germany.Department of Prosthodontics, Propaedeutics and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Christian-Albrechts University at Kiel, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28662443

Citation

Sieper, Kim, et al. "Fracture Strength of Lithium Disilicate Crowns Compared to Polymer-infiltrated Ceramic-network and Zirconia Reinforced Lithium Silicate Crowns." Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 74, 2017, pp. 342-348.
Sieper K, Wille S, Kern M. Fracture strength of lithium disilicate crowns compared to polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network and zirconia reinforced lithium silicate crowns. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2017;74:342-348.
Sieper, K., Wille, S., & Kern, M. (2017). Fracture strength of lithium disilicate crowns compared to polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network and zirconia reinforced lithium silicate crowns. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 74, 342-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.06.025
Sieper K, Wille S, Kern M. Fracture Strength of Lithium Disilicate Crowns Compared to Polymer-infiltrated Ceramic-network and Zirconia Reinforced Lithium Silicate Crowns. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2017;74:342-348. PubMed PMID: 28662443.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fracture strength of lithium disilicate crowns compared to polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network and zirconia reinforced lithium silicate crowns. AU - Sieper,Kim, AU - Wille,Sebastian, AU - Kern,Matthias, Y1 - 2017/06/21/ PY - 2017/05/03/received PY - 2017/06/19/revised PY - 2017/06/20/accepted PY - 2017/7/1/pubmed PY - 2018/1/13/medline PY - 2017/6/30/entrez KW - CAD/CAM KW - Fracture strength KW - Monolithic crowns KW - Polymer infiltrated ceramic network KW - Zirconia reinforced lithium SP - 342 EP - 348 JF - Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials JO - J Mech Behav Biomed Mater VL - 74 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture strength of crowns made from current CAD/CAM materials. In addition the influence of crown thickness and chewing simulation on the fracture strength was evaluated. METHODS: Crowns were fabricated from lithium disilicate, zirconia reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS-ceramic) and a polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) with an occlusal thickness of 1.0mm or 1.5mm, respectively (n=16). Crowns were cemented on composite dies. Subgroups of eight specimens were loaded with 5kg in a chewing simulator for 1,200,000 cycles with thermal cycling. Finally, all specimens were loaded until fracture in a universal testing machine. Three-way ANOVA was used to detect statistical interaction. Differences regarding the materials were tested with two-way ANOVA, following one-way ANOVA and a post-hoc Tukey's-Test. RESULTS: All crowns survived the chewing simulation. The material had a significant influence on the fracture resistance (p≤0.05). Lithium disilicate achieved the highest values of fracture strength in almost all groups followed by ZLS-ceramic. PICN achieved the lowest values of fracture strength. Chewing simulation increased the fracture strength of thick lithium disilicate crown significantly. Greater occlusal thickness of all crown materials resulted in higher crown fracture strength before chewing simulation. After chewing simulation occlusal thickness of lithium disilicate and PICN crowns had no significant influence on the fracture strength. CONCLUSIONS: All crowns revealed fracture strength above the clinically expected loading forces. Therefore the durability of the tested CAD/CAM materials seems promising also in an occlusal thickness of 1.0mm. SN - 1878-0180 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28662443/Fracture_strength_of_lithium_disilicate_crowns_compared_to_polymer_infiltrated_ceramic_network_and_zirconia_reinforced_lithium_silicate_crowns_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1751-6161(17)30263-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -