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Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum).
J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Aug 02; 65(30):6240-6246.JA

Abstract

Heavy metal excess in soil represents a critical problem for crop productivity. Among these pollutants, cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous in terms of food-chain contamination. Two durum wheat near-isogenic lines (NILs) and 12 commercial varieties (cultivars Arcangelo, Aureo, Aziziah, Cappelli, Cirillo, Creso, Iride, Maestrale, Parsifal, Russello, Strongfield, and Svevo) of durum wheat were exposed to a nontoxic level of Cd to evaluate its concentration in grains, roots, and shoots, as well as effects on biomass production. Cultivar Iride showed the most interesting behavior because it stored large amounts of Cd in the roots, preventing its translocation to grains. On the contrary, Cirillo and Svevo genotypes were characterized by a high Cd concentration in the grains. Furthermore, a molecular characterization employing the ScOPC20 marker associated with the Cd uptake locus has shown the absence of the expected fragment in the Iride variety and in other varieties characterized by low Cd concentration, as well as the presence of it in high Cd-accumulating cultivars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento , via Prov.le Monteroni 165, 73100 Lecce, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28686843

Citation

Vergine, Marzia, et al. "Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum Turgidum L. Subsp. Durum)." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 65, no. 30, 2017, pp. 6240-6246.
Vergine M, Aprile A, Sabella E, et al. Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum). J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65(30):6240-6246.
Vergine, M., Aprile, A., Sabella, E., Genga, A., Siciliano, M., Rampino, P., Lenucci, M. S., Luvisi, A., & Bellis, L. (2017). Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 65(30), 6240-6246. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01946
Vergine M, et al. Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum Turgidum L. Subsp. Durum). J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Aug 2;65(30):6240-6246. PubMed PMID: 28686843.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cadmium Concentration in Grains of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum). AU - Vergine,Marzia, AU - Aprile,Alessio, AU - Sabella,Erika, AU - Genga,Alessandra, AU - Siciliano,Maria, AU - Rampino,Patrizia, AU - Lenucci,Marcello Salvatore, AU - Luvisi,Andrea, AU - Bellis,Luigi De, Y1 - 2017/07/19/ PY - 2017/7/8/pubmed PY - 2017/8/12/medline PY - 2017/7/8/entrez KW - Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum KW - cadmium (Cd) KW - cereals KW - food safety KW - genotypic variation KW - heavy metals KW - soil pollution SP - 6240 EP - 6246 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 65 IS - 30 N2 - Heavy metal excess in soil represents a critical problem for crop productivity. Among these pollutants, cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous in terms of food-chain contamination. Two durum wheat near-isogenic lines (NILs) and 12 commercial varieties (cultivars Arcangelo, Aureo, Aziziah, Cappelli, Cirillo, Creso, Iride, Maestrale, Parsifal, Russello, Strongfield, and Svevo) of durum wheat were exposed to a nontoxic level of Cd to evaluate its concentration in grains, roots, and shoots, as well as effects on biomass production. Cultivar Iride showed the most interesting behavior because it stored large amounts of Cd in the roots, preventing its translocation to grains. On the contrary, Cirillo and Svevo genotypes were characterized by a high Cd concentration in the grains. Furthermore, a molecular characterization employing the ScOPC20 marker associated with the Cd uptake locus has shown the absence of the expected fragment in the Iride variety and in other varieties characterized by low Cd concentration, as well as the presence of it in high Cd-accumulating cultivars. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28686843/Cadmium_Concentration_in_Grains_of_Durum_Wheat__Triticum_turgidum_L__subsp__durum__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01946 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -