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Factors influencing speech perception in noise for 5-year-old children using hearing aids or cochlear implants.
Int J Audiol. 2018 05; 57(sup2):S70-S80.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We investigated the factors influencing speech perception in babble for 5-year-old children with hearing loss who were using hearing aids (HAs) or cochlear implants (CIs).

DESIGN

Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) for 50% correct identification were measured in two conditions - speech collocated with babble, and speech with spatially separated babble. The difference in SRTs between the two conditions give a measure of binaural unmasking, commonly known as spatial release from masking (SRM). Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the influence of a range of demographic factors on outcomes.

STUDY SAMPLE

Participants were 252 children enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study.

RESULTS

Children using HAs or CIs required a better signal-to-noise ratio to achieve the same level of performance as their normal-hearing peers but demonstrated SRM of a similar magnitude. For children using HAs, speech perception was significantly influenced by cognitive and language abilities. For children using CIs, age at CI activation and language ability were significant predictors of speech perception outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS

Speech perception in children with hearing loss can be enhanced by improving their language abilities. Early age at cochlear implantation was also associated with better outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. c Australian Hearing , Australia.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and. c Australian Hearing , Australia.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. c Australian Hearing , Australia.a National Acoustic Laboratories , Sydney , Australia. b The Hearing CRC , Melbourne , Australia , and.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28687057

Citation

Ching, Teresa Yc, et al. "Factors Influencing Speech Perception in Noise for 5-year-old Children Using Hearing Aids or Cochlear Implants." International Journal of Audiology, vol. 57, no. sup2, 2018, pp. S70-S80.
Ching TY, Zhang VW, Flynn C, et al. Factors influencing speech perception in noise for 5-year-old children using hearing aids or cochlear implants. Int J Audiol. 2018;57(sup2):S70-S80.
Ching, T. Y., Zhang, V. W., Flynn, C., Burns, L., Button, L., Hou, S., McGhie, K., & Van Buynder, P. (2018). Factors influencing speech perception in noise for 5-year-old children using hearing aids or cochlear implants. International Journal of Audiology, 57(sup2), S70-S80. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2017.1346307
Ching TY, et al. Factors Influencing Speech Perception in Noise for 5-year-old Children Using Hearing Aids or Cochlear Implants. Int J Audiol. 2018;57(sup2):S70-S80. PubMed PMID: 28687057.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors influencing speech perception in noise for 5-year-old children using hearing aids or cochlear implants. AU - Ching,Teresa Yc, AU - Zhang,Vicky W, AU - Flynn,Christopher, AU - Burns,Lauren, AU - Button,Laura, AU - Hou,Sanna, AU - McGhie,Karen, AU - Van Buynder,Patricia, Y1 - 2017/07/07/ PY - 2017/7/9/pubmed PY - 2019/9/19/medline PY - 2017/7/9/entrez KW - Children KW - audibility KW - cochlear implants KW - hearing aids KW - predictors of speech perception KW - speech perception in noise SP - S70 EP - S80 JF - International journal of audiology JO - Int J Audiol VL - 57 IS - sup2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We investigated the factors influencing speech perception in babble for 5-year-old children with hearing loss who were using hearing aids (HAs) or cochlear implants (CIs). DESIGN: Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) for 50% correct identification were measured in two conditions - speech collocated with babble, and speech with spatially separated babble. The difference in SRTs between the two conditions give a measure of binaural unmasking, commonly known as spatial release from masking (SRM). Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the influence of a range of demographic factors on outcomes. STUDY SAMPLE: Participants were 252 children enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study. RESULTS: Children using HAs or CIs required a better signal-to-noise ratio to achieve the same level of performance as their normal-hearing peers but demonstrated SRM of a similar magnitude. For children using HAs, speech perception was significantly influenced by cognitive and language abilities. For children using CIs, age at CI activation and language ability were significant predictors of speech perception outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Speech perception in children with hearing loss can be enhanced by improving their language abilities. Early age at cochlear implantation was also associated with better outcomes. SN - 1708-8186 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28687057/Factors_influencing_speech_perception_in_noise_for_5_year_old_children_using_hearing_aids_or_cochlear_implants_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14992027.2017.1346307 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -