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Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons.
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017 Jul - Aug; 49(7):561-567.e1.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Examine the prevalence, patterns, and associated factors of using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons in the US general population.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey.

PARTICIPANTS

Nationally representative sample (N = 34,525).

VARIABLES MEASURED

Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use of vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons, patterns of use, and sociodemographic and health-related factor associated with use.

ANALYSIS

Multiple logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use was 4.0% (n = 1,367) and 1.9% (n = 648), respectively. Health vegetarians and vegans were more likely aged 30-65 years, female, not Hispanic, from the Western US region, at least high school educated, chronically ill, and physically active. They were less likely to be in a relationship, overweight or obese, or smoking, or to have public or private health insurance. Among health vegetarians and vegans, 6.3% consulted with a practitioner for special diets; 26.1% followed the diet because of a specific health problem, mainly high cholesterol, overweight, hypertension, and diabetes; and 59.4% disclosed the diet to their health care provider.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Less than 2% of participants reported using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons within the past 12 months. Despite potential benefits of plant-based nutrition, more research is warranted on the actual use and its effects and safety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: h.cramer@kliniken-essen-mitte.de.Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Department for Complementary Medicine, Berlin, Germany; Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité Medical University, Berlin, Germany.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS/OMV), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28689610

Citation

Cramer, Holger, et al. "Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 49, no. 7, 2017, pp. 561-567.e1.
Cramer H, Kessler CS, Sundberg T, et al. Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017;49(7):561-567.e1.
Cramer, H., Kessler, C. S., Sundberg, T., Leach, M. J., Schumann, D., Adams, J., & Lauche, R. (2017). Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 49(7), 561-e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2017.04.011
Cramer H, et al. Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017 Jul - Aug;49(7):561-567.e1. PubMed PMID: 28689610.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of Americans Choosing Vegetarian and Vegan Diets for Health Reasons. AU - Cramer,Holger, AU - Kessler,Christian S, AU - Sundberg,Tobias, AU - Leach,Matthew J, AU - Schumann,Dania, AU - Adams,Jon, AU - Lauche,Romy, PY - 2016/11/08/received PY - 2017/04/21/revised PY - 2017/04/21/accepted PY - 2017/7/11/entrez PY - 2017/7/12/pubmed PY - 2018/5/1/medline KW - diet KW - prevalence KW - survey KW - vegan KW - vegetarian SP - 561 EP - 567.e1 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 49 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence, patterns, and associated factors of using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons in the US general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample (N = 34,525). VARIABLES MEASURED: Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use of vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons, patterns of use, and sociodemographic and health-related factor associated with use. ANALYSIS: Multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use was 4.0% (n = 1,367) and 1.9% (n = 648), respectively. Health vegetarians and vegans were more likely aged 30-65 years, female, not Hispanic, from the Western US region, at least high school educated, chronically ill, and physically active. They were less likely to be in a relationship, overweight or obese, or smoking, or to have public or private health insurance. Among health vegetarians and vegans, 6.3% consulted with a practitioner for special diets; 26.1% followed the diet because of a specific health problem, mainly high cholesterol, overweight, hypertension, and diabetes; and 59.4% disclosed the diet to their health care provider. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Less than 2% of participants reported using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons within the past 12 months. Despite potential benefits of plant-based nutrition, more research is warranted on the actual use and its effects and safety. SN - 1878-2620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28689610/Characteristics_of_Americans_Choosing_Vegetarian_and_Vegan_Diets_for_Health_Reasons_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1499-4046(17)30230-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -