Glucocorticoid regulation of hepatic cytosolic glucocorticoid receptors in vivo and its relationship to induction of tyrosine aminotransferase.Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Apr 08; 886(1):162-8.BB
Regulation of rat hepatic cytosolic glucocorticoid receptors was studied using our newly developed exchange assay. Injecting 1 mg of dexamethasone or corticosterone into 150-250 g adrenalectomized rats caused a rapid decline in glucocorticoid receptor binding. Glucocorticoid receptor levels were depressed 80-90% in less than 15 min after hormone treatment, and remained low for about 24-48 h after glucocorticoid administration. 80-90% of glucocorticoid receptor binding was regenerated by 48 h, and complete binding was recovered by 72 h. Regenerated glucocorticoid receptor binding (48-72 h after first hormone injection) could be re-depressed by a second injection of the hormone. Similar results were obtained using normal (intact) rats. Optimum induction of tyrosine aminotransferase activity was obtained within 2 h following the first hormonal injection. Induction of tyrosine aminotransferase activity (measured 2 h after a second injection of the glucocorticoid) correlated with glucocorticoid receptor levels. Thus, 1 mg of dexamethasone or corticosterone greatly enhanced the liver tyrosine aminotransferase activity in the adrenalectomized rats (not previously hormone treated) and in adrenalectomized rats previously injected (48-72 h) with 1 mg of the glucocorticoid hormone. Enhancement of tyrosine aminotransferase activity was lowest 16-24 h after the first hormone injection (when receptor levels were extremely low). These results indicate that the induction of liver tyrosine aminotransferase activity by glucocorticoid hormones is correlated with cytosolic glucocorticoid receptor levels.