A Transcription Activator-Like Effector Tal7 of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola Activates Rice Gene Os09g29100 to Suppress Rice Immunity.Sci Rep. 2017 07 11; 7(1):5089.SR
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc) and X. oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) cause bacterial leaf streak (BLS) and bacterial leaf blight (BLB) in rice, respectively. Unlike Xoo, endogenous avirulence-resistance (avr-R) gene interactions have not been identified in the Xoc-rice pathosystem; however, both pathogens possess transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) that are known to modulate R or S genes in rice. The transfer of individual tal genes from Xoc RS105 (hypervirulent) into Xoc YNB0-17 (hypovirulent) led to the identification of tal7, which suppressed avrXa7-Xa7 mediated defense in rice containing an Xa7 R gene. Mobility shift and microscale thermophoresis assays showed that Tal7 bound two EBE sites in the promoters of two rice genes, Os09g29100 and Os12g42970, which encode predicted Cyclin-D4-1 and GATA zinc finger family protein, respectively. Assays using designer TALEs and a TALE-free strain of Xoo revealed that Os09g29100 was the biologically relevant target of Tal7. Tal7 activates the expression of rice gene Os09g29100 that suppresses avrXa7-Xa7 mediated defense in Rice. TALEN editing of the Tal7-binding site in the Os09g29100 gene promoter further enhanced resistance to the pathogen Xoc RS105. The suppression of effector-trigger immunity (ETI) is a phenomenon that may contribute to the scarcity of BLS resistant cultivars.