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Neurofeedback as an adjunct therapy for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder related to refugee trauma and torture experiences: two case studies.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study was to describe the use of neurofeedback for refugee-related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in two case studies.

METHODS

We describe the assessment and application of neurofeedback integrated into the treatment of two clients with chronic PTSD. We include details of our treatment schedule, symptoms and quantitative electrophysiological data for each case. Results All clients achieved significant reduction in symptoms of PTSD and improvement in daily functioning post-neurofeedback therapy. Quantitative electroencephalogric (EEG) measures indicate a normalisation of EEG markers relating to trauma, including overarousal at rest and working memory function. Conclusions Neurofeedback as an adjunct to trauma-informed therapy may help to remediate chronic PTSD relating to refugee experiences. If replicated then improvements demonstrated in this population would be generalisable to all chronic PTSD.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Senior Psychologist and Team Leader of the Neurofeedback/Biofeedback Program at NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors; Discipline of Psychiatry, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW, and; Brain Dynamics Centre, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

    ,

    Psychologist, Neurofeedback Research Officer, NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors; Honorary Postdoctoral Researcher, Discipline of Psychiatry, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

    ,

    Clinical Psychologist and CEO of the NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

    Associate Professor of Psychiatry Discipline of Psychiatry, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, and; Clinical Director, Brain Dynamics Centre, the Westmead Institute for Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW Australia.

    Source

    MeSH

    Combined Modality Therapy
    Humans
    Neurofeedback
    Psychotherapy
    Refugees
    Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
    Torture

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28699778

    Citation

    Askovic, Mirjana, et al. "Neurofeedback as an Adjunct Therapy for Treatment of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Related to Refugee Trauma and Torture Experiences: Two Case Studies." Australasian Psychiatry : Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, vol. 25, no. 4, 2017, pp. 358-363.
    Askovic M, Watters AJ, Aroche J, et al. Neurofeedback as an adjunct therapy for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder related to refugee trauma and torture experiences: two case studies. Australas Psychiatry. 2017;25(4):358-363.
    Askovic, M., Watters, A. J., Aroche, J., & Harris, A. W. F. (2017). Neurofeedback as an adjunct therapy for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder related to refugee trauma and torture experiences: two case studies. Australasian Psychiatry : Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, 25(4), pp. 358-363. doi:10.1177/1039856217715988.
    Askovic M, et al. Neurofeedback as an Adjunct Therapy for Treatment of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Related to Refugee Trauma and Torture Experiences: Two Case Studies. Australas Psychiatry. 2017;25(4):358-363. PubMed PMID: 28699778.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Neurofeedback as an adjunct therapy for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder related to refugee trauma and torture experiences: two case studies. AU - Askovic,Mirjana, AU - Watters,Anna J, AU - Aroche,Jorge, AU - Harris,Anthony W F, Y1 - 2017/07/12/ PY - 2017/7/13/pubmed PY - 2019/4/9/medline PY - 2017/7/13/entrez KW - neurofeedback KW - posttraumatic stress disorder KW - refugee KW - torture KW - trauma SP - 358 EP - 363 JF - Australasian psychiatry : bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists JO - Australas Psychiatry VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the use of neurofeedback for refugee-related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in two case studies. METHODS: We describe the assessment and application of neurofeedback integrated into the treatment of two clients with chronic PTSD. We include details of our treatment schedule, symptoms and quantitative electrophysiological data for each case. Results All clients achieved significant reduction in symptoms of PTSD and improvement in daily functioning post-neurofeedback therapy. Quantitative electroencephalogric (EEG) measures indicate a normalisation of EEG markers relating to trauma, including overarousal at rest and working memory function. Conclusions Neurofeedback as an adjunct to trauma-informed therapy may help to remediate chronic PTSD relating to refugee experiences. If replicated then improvements demonstrated in this population would be generalisable to all chronic PTSD. SN - 1440-1665 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28699778/Neurofeedback_as_an_adjunct_therapy_for_treatment_of_chronic_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_related_to_refugee_trauma_and_torture_experiences:_two_case_studies_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1039856217715988?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -