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Shame on Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents.
Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2018 04; 49(2):268-278.CP

Abstract

This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion. Guilt did not show significant associations with anxiety disorders symptoms once controlling for the influence of shame, and links with personality traits varied dependent on the assessment instrument that was used (BSGQ-C or YSR). Finally, when controlling for neuroticism and extraversion, shame consistently remained a significant correlate of anxiety disorders symptoms. Altogether, these results add to the growing body of evidence indicating that high levels of shame are clearly associated with anxiety pathology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Maastricht University & Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl. Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl. Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl.Maastricht University & Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University & Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28710592

Citation

Muris, Peter, et al. "Shame On Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents." Child Psychiatry and Human Development, vol. 49, no. 2, 2018, pp. 268-278.
Muris P, Meesters C, van Asseldonk M. Shame on Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2018;49(2):268-278.
Muris, P., Meesters, C., & van Asseldonk, M. (2018). Shame on Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 49(2), 268-278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-017-0747-7
Muris P, Meesters C, van Asseldonk M. Shame On Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2018;49(2):268-278. PubMed PMID: 28710592.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Shame on Me! Self-Conscious Emotions and Big Five Personality Traits and Their Relations to Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Young, Non-Clinical Adolescents. AU - Muris,Peter, AU - Meesters,Cor, AU - van Asseldonk,Mike, PY - 2017/7/16/pubmed PY - 2019/6/25/medline PY - 2017/7/16/entrez KW - Adolescents KW - Anxiety disorders symptoms KW - Big Five personality traits KW - Self-conscious emotions KW - Shame and guilt SP - 268 EP - 278 JF - Child psychiatry and human development JO - Child Psychiatry Hum Dev VL - 49 IS - 2 N2 - This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion. Guilt did not show significant associations with anxiety disorders symptoms once controlling for the influence of shame, and links with personality traits varied dependent on the assessment instrument that was used (BSGQ-C or YSR). Finally, when controlling for neuroticism and extraversion, shame consistently remained a significant correlate of anxiety disorders symptoms. Altogether, these results add to the growing body of evidence indicating that high levels of shame are clearly associated with anxiety pathology. SN - 1573-3327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28710592/Shame_on_Me_Self_Conscious_Emotions_and_Big_Five_Personality_Traits_and_Their_Relations_to_Anxiety_Disorders_Symptoms_in_Young_Non_Clinical_Adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-017-0747-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -