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Parental feeding styles, young children's fruit, vegetable, water and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and the moderating role of maternal education and ethnic background.
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Aug; 20(12):2124-2133.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the associations between parental feeding styles and children's dietary intakes and the modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study of parental feeding styles, assessed by the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire, and children's dietary intakes. Multiple regression analyses were carried out to assess the associations between the parental feeding styles studied ('control', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding') and children's dietary intakes (consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB)). The modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations was explored.

SETTING

North-western part of the Netherlands.

SUBJECTS

Children aged 3-7 years (n 5926).

RESULTS

Both 'encouragement' and 'control' were associated with higher consumption of vegetables and lower consumption of SSB, but only 'encouragement' was positively associated with fruit and water intakes. 'Instrumental feeding' showed a positive association with SSB and negative associations with fruit, vegetable and water consumption. No significant associations were found for 'emotional feeding'. Maternal educational level and children's ethnicity moderated some associations; for example, 'control' was beneficial for vegetable intake in all subgroups, whereas the association with SSB was beneficial only in highly educated mothers.

CONCLUSIONS

The study shows that both encouraging and controlling feeding styles may improve children's dietary behaviour, while 'instrumental feeding' may have a detrimental effect. Furthermore, maternal educational level and children's ethnicity influence these associations. The study's findings could provide a basis for development of interventions to improve parental feeding styles.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1GGD Kennemerland,Zijlweg 200, 2015 CK Haarlem,The Netherlands.1GGD Kennemerland,Zijlweg 200, 2015 CK Haarlem,The Netherlands.2Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth & Life Sciences,Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute,Amsterdam,The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28712381

Citation

Inhulsen, Maj-Britt Mr, et al. "Parental Feeding Styles, Young Children's Fruit, Vegetable, Water and Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption, and the Moderating Role of Maternal Education and Ethnic Background." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 12, 2017, pp. 2124-2133.
Inhulsen MM, Mérelle SY, Renders CM. Parental feeding styles, young children's fruit, vegetable, water and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and the moderating role of maternal education and ethnic background. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(12):2124-2133.
Inhulsen, M. M., Mérelle, S. Y., & Renders, C. M. (2017). Parental feeding styles, young children's fruit, vegetable, water and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and the moderating role of maternal education and ethnic background. Public Health Nutrition, 20(12), 2124-2133. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017001409
Inhulsen MM, Mérelle SY, Renders CM. Parental Feeding Styles, Young Children's Fruit, Vegetable, Water and Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption, and the Moderating Role of Maternal Education and Ethnic Background. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(12):2124-2133. PubMed PMID: 28712381.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental feeding styles, young children's fruit, vegetable, water and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and the moderating role of maternal education and ethnic background. AU - Inhulsen,Maj-Britt Mr, AU - Mérelle,Saskia Ym, AU - Renders,Carry M, Y1 - 2017/07/17/ PY - 2017/7/18/pubmed PY - 2018/5/22/medline PY - 2017/7/18/entrez KW - Educational level KW - Ethnicity KW - Fruit KW - Parental feeding styles KW - Sugar-sweetened beverages KW - Water SP - 2124 EP - 2133 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 20 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between parental feeding styles and children's dietary intakes and the modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of parental feeding styles, assessed by the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire, and children's dietary intakes. Multiple regression analyses were carried out to assess the associations between the parental feeding styles studied ('control', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding') and children's dietary intakes (consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB)). The modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations was explored. SETTING: North-western part of the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Children aged 3-7 years (n 5926). RESULTS: Both 'encouragement' and 'control' were associated with higher consumption of vegetables and lower consumption of SSB, but only 'encouragement' was positively associated with fruit and water intakes. 'Instrumental feeding' showed a positive association with SSB and negative associations with fruit, vegetable and water consumption. No significant associations were found for 'emotional feeding'. Maternal educational level and children's ethnicity moderated some associations; for example, 'control' was beneficial for vegetable intake in all subgroups, whereas the association with SSB was beneficial only in highly educated mothers. CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that both encouraging and controlling feeding styles may improve children's dietary behaviour, while 'instrumental feeding' may have a detrimental effect. Furthermore, maternal educational level and children's ethnicity influence these associations. The study's findings could provide a basis for development of interventions to improve parental feeding styles. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28712381/Parental_feeding_styles_young_children's_fruit_vegetable_water_and_sugar_sweetened_beverage_consumption_and_the_moderating_role_of_maternal_education_and_ethnic_background_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980017001409/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -