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Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness.
J Sport Rehabil. 2018 Nov 01; 27(6):513-519.JS

Abstract

CONTEXT

Of the weight-bearing exercises, single-leg squats (SLSs) represent one of the most commonly used hip-strengthening exercises that require more gluteus medius (GMED) activity. To date, no studies have investigated how the 4 SLS exercises affect muscle imbalance of GMED, tensor fasciae latae (TFL), and adductor longus (AL), and kinematics of hip.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the hip muscle activities, onset time, and kinematics during 4 different SLS exercises (unilateral squat, unilateral wall-squat [UWS], lateral step-down, and front step-down) in subjects with GMED weakness.

DESIGN

Repeated-measures experimental design.

SETTING

Research laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS

Twenty-two subjects (11 males and 11 females) participated in this study and were compared using 1-way repeated-measures analysis of variance.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Surface electromyography was used to measure the muscle activities and onset time of the GMED, TFL, and AL, and 3-dimensional motion tracking system was used to measure the hip adduction and internal/external rotation angles during SLS exercises. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used at a significance level of P < .05.

RESULTS

The UWS produced higher GMED/TFL activity ratio and lower GMED/TFL onset time ratio than in the other 3 exercises (P < .05). No difference in GMED/AL activity ratio and GMED/AL onset time ratio was observed. The hip adduction angle was greater in UWS than in the other 3 exercises (P < .05). As for the hip internal/external rotation, lateral step-down exhibited higher hip internal rotation angle than front step-down (P < .05).

CONCLUSION

The UWS may be recommended as an effective exercise for the subjects with GMED weakness, but they should take care to avoid excessive hip adduction during the exercise.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28714757

Citation

Han, Hae-Rim, et al. "Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness." Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, vol. 27, no. 6, 2018, pp. 513-519.
Han HR, Yi CH, You SH, et al. Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness. J Sport Rehabil. 2018;27(6):513-519.
Han, H. R., Yi, C. H., You, S. H., Cynn, H. S., Lim, O. B., & Son, J. I. (2018). Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 27(6), 513-519. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2016-0193
Han HR, et al. Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness. J Sport Rehabil. 2018 Nov 1;27(6):513-519. PubMed PMID: 28714757.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative Effects of 4 Single-Leg Squat Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness. AU - Han,Hae-Rim, AU - Yi,Chung-Hwi, AU - You,Sung-Hyun, AU - Cynn,Heon-Seock, AU - Lim,One-Bin, AU - Son,Jae-Ik, Y1 - 2018/06/22/ PY - 2017/7/18/pubmed PY - 2018/10/27/medline PY - 2017/7/18/entrez KW - adductor longus KW - muscle imbalance KW - onset time KW - tensor fasciae latae SP - 513 EP - 519 JF - Journal of sport rehabilitation JO - J Sport Rehabil VL - 27 IS - 6 N2 - CONTEXT: Of the weight-bearing exercises, single-leg squats (SLSs) represent one of the most commonly used hip-strengthening exercises that require more gluteus medius (GMED) activity. To date, no studies have investigated how the 4 SLS exercises affect muscle imbalance of GMED, tensor fasciae latae (TFL), and adductor longus (AL), and kinematics of hip. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hip muscle activities, onset time, and kinematics during 4 different SLS exercises (unilateral squat, unilateral wall-squat [UWS], lateral step-down, and front step-down) in subjects with GMED weakness. DESIGN: Repeated-measures experimental design. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two subjects (11 males and 11 females) participated in this study and were compared using 1-way repeated-measures analysis of variance. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surface electromyography was used to measure the muscle activities and onset time of the GMED, TFL, and AL, and 3-dimensional motion tracking system was used to measure the hip adduction and internal/external rotation angles during SLS exercises. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used at a significance level of P < .05. RESULTS: The UWS produced higher GMED/TFL activity ratio and lower GMED/TFL onset time ratio than in the other 3 exercises (P < .05). No difference in GMED/AL activity ratio and GMED/AL onset time ratio was observed. The hip adduction angle was greater in UWS than in the other 3 exercises (P < .05). As for the hip internal/external rotation, lateral step-down exhibited higher hip internal rotation angle than front step-down (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The UWS may be recommended as an effective exercise for the subjects with GMED weakness, but they should take care to avoid excessive hip adduction during the exercise. SN - 1543-3072 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28714757/Comparative_Effects_of_4_Single_Leg_Squat_Exercises_in_Subjects_With_Gluteus_Medius_Weakness_ L2 - https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/jsr.2016-0193 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -