Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players.
J Athl Train 2017; 52(8):771-775JA

Abstract

CONTEXT

Despite the growing popularity of ice hockey among female youth and interest in the biomechanics of head impacts in sport, the head impacts sustained by this population have yet to be characterized.

OBJECTIVES

To describe the number of, biomechanical characteristics of, and exposure to head impacts of female youth ice hockey players during competition and to investigate the influences of player and game characteristics on head impacts.

DESIGN

Cohort study.

METHODS

Twenty-seven female youth ice hockey players (mean age = 12.5 ± 0.52 years) wore instrumented ice hockey helmets during 66 ice hockey games over a 3-year period. Data specific to player, game, and biomechanical head impact characteristics were recorded. A multiple regression analysis identified factors most associated with head impacts of greater frequency and severity.

RESULTS

A total of 436 total head impacts were sustained during 6924 minutes of active ice hockey participation (0.9 ± 0.6 impacts per player per game; range, 0-2.1). A higher body mass index (BMI) significantly predicted a higher number of head impacts sustained per game (P = .008). Linear acceleration of head impacts was greater in older players and those who played the forward position, had a greater BMI, and spent more time on the ice (P = .008), whereas greater rotational acceleration was present in older players who had a greater BMI and played the forward position (P = .008). During tournament games, increased ice time predicted increased severity of head impacts (P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS

This study reveals for the first time that head impacts are occurring in female youth ice hockey players, albeit at a lower rate and severity than in male youth ice hockey players, despite the lack of intentional body checking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Canada. Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Canada. Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Canada.Simbex, Lebanon, NH. Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28715282

Citation

Reed, Nick, et al. "Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players." Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 52, no. 8, 2017, pp. 771-775.
Reed N, Taha T, Greenwald R, et al. Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players. J Athl Train. 2017;52(8):771-775.
Reed, N., Taha, T., Greenwald, R., & Keightley, M. (2017). Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players. Journal of Athletic Training, 52(8), pp. 771-775. doi:10.4085/1062-6050-52.5.04.
Reed N, et al. Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players. J Athl Train. 2017;52(8):771-775. PubMed PMID: 28715282.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Player and Game Characteristics and Head Impacts in Female Youth Ice Hockey Players. AU - Reed,Nick, AU - Taha,Tim, AU - Greenwald,Richard, AU - Keightley,Michelle, Y1 - 2017/07/17/ PY - 2017/7/18/pubmed PY - 2018/3/23/medline PY - 2017/7/18/entrez KW - adolescents KW - concussions KW - helmets KW - mild traumatic brain injuries KW - sports injuries SP - 771 EP - 775 JF - Journal of athletic training JO - J Athl Train VL - 52 IS - 8 N2 - CONTEXT: Despite the growing popularity of ice hockey among female youth and interest in the biomechanics of head impacts in sport, the head impacts sustained by this population have yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVES: To describe the number of, biomechanical characteristics of, and exposure to head impacts of female youth ice hockey players during competition and to investigate the influences of player and game characteristics on head impacts. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-seven female youth ice hockey players (mean age = 12.5 ± 0.52 years) wore instrumented ice hockey helmets during 66 ice hockey games over a 3-year period. Data specific to player, game, and biomechanical head impact characteristics were recorded. A multiple regression analysis identified factors most associated with head impacts of greater frequency and severity. RESULTS: A total of 436 total head impacts were sustained during 6924 minutes of active ice hockey participation (0.9 ± 0.6 impacts per player per game; range, 0-2.1). A higher body mass index (BMI) significantly predicted a higher number of head impacts sustained per game (P = .008). Linear acceleration of head impacts was greater in older players and those who played the forward position, had a greater BMI, and spent more time on the ice (P = .008), whereas greater rotational acceleration was present in older players who had a greater BMI and played the forward position (P = .008). During tournament games, increased ice time predicted increased severity of head impacts (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals for the first time that head impacts are occurring in female youth ice hockey players, albeit at a lower rate and severity than in male youth ice hockey players, despite the lack of intentional body checking. SN - 1938-162X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28715282/Player_and_Game_Characteristics_and_Head_Impacts_in_Female_Youth_Ice_Hockey_Players_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/28715282/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -