In Situ Electrochemical Sensing and Real-Time Monitoring Live Cells Based on Freestanding Nanohybrid Paper Electrode Assembled from 3D Functionalized Graphene Framework.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017 Nov 08; 9(44):38201-38210.AA
In this work, we develop a new type of freestanding nanohybrid paper electrode assembled from 3D ionic liquid (IL) functionalized graphene framework (GF) decorated by gold nanoflowers (AuNFs), and explore its practical application in in situ electrochemical sensing of live breast cell samples by real-time tracking biomarker H2O2 released from cells. The AuNFs modified IL functionalized GF (AuNFs/IL-GF) was synthesized via a facile and efficient dopamine-assisted one-pot self-assembly strategy. The as-obtained nanohybrid assembly exhibits a typical 3D hierarchical porous structure, where the highly active electrocatalyst AuNFs are well dispersed on IL-GF scaffold. And the graft of hydrophilic IL molecules (i.e., 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, BMIMBF4) on graphene nanosheets not only avoids their agglomeration and disorder stacking during the self-assembly but also endows the integrated IL-GF monolithic material with unique hydrophilic properties, which enables it to be readily dispersed in aqueous solution and processed into freestanding paperlike material. Because of the unique structural properties and the combinational advantages of different components in the AuNFs/IL-GF composite, the resultant nanohybrid paper electrode exhibits good nonenzymatic electrochemical sensing performance toward H2O2. When used in real-time tracking H2O2 secreted from different breast cells attached to the paper electrode without or with radiotherapy treatment, the proposed electrochemical sensor based on freestanding AuNFs/IL-GF paper electrode can distinguish the normal breast cell HBL-100 from the cancer breast cells MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells, and assess the radiotherapy effects to different breast cancer cells, which opens a new horizon in real-time monitoring cancer cells by electrochemical sensing platform.