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Investigation of dietary supplements prevalence as complementary therapy: Comparison between hospitalized psoriasis patients and non-psoriasis patients, correlation with disease severity and quality of life.
Complement Ther Med 2017; 33:65-71CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life.

DESIGN AND SETTING

This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases. Dietary supplementation over last 30days and characteristics, including age, age at onset of disease, co-morbidities, smoking and education were recorded. Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and dermatology quality of life index (DLQI) were calculated. P value less than 0.05 was considered as significant level.

RESULTS

This study consisted 138 psoriasis (females; 54) and 138 non-psoriasis cases (females; 50), aged between 21 and 91 years. Among psoriasis patients, 72% reported using at least one of dietary supplements, which was different from non-psoriasis cases (25.36%, P=0.01). Multivitamin/mineral supplements (MVM) were the most frequent used dietary supplements (26.81%) and the most common reasons for the consumption of these supplements were to maintain and improve health. The consumption of folic acid (21.73%), omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil (10.14%), herbs (12.31%) and vitamin E (1.44%) had the most frequencies after MVM. No significant differences in PASI and DLQI were found among patients with consumption of different supplements (P>0.05). There was non-significant and negative correlation between education and use of supplements (P=0.21, r=-0.02).

CONCLUSIONS

Self-medicating of MVM over last 30days was prevalent among studied psoriasis patients. They took dietary supplements in order to improve and maintain their health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.Allergy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address: jabbarif@mums.ac.ir.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28735828

Citation

Yousefzadeh, Hadis, et al. "Investigation of Dietary Supplements Prevalence as Complementary Therapy: Comparison Between Hospitalized Psoriasis Patients and Non-psoriasis Patients, Correlation With Disease Severity and Quality of Life." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 33, 2017, pp. 65-71.
Yousefzadeh H, Mahmoudi M, Banihashemi M, et al. Investigation of dietary supplements prevalence as complementary therapy: Comparison between hospitalized psoriasis patients and non-psoriasis patients, correlation with disease severity and quality of life. Complement Ther Med. 2017;33:65-71.
Yousefzadeh, H., Mahmoudi, M., Banihashemi, M., Rastin, M., & Azad, F. J. (2017). Investigation of dietary supplements prevalence as complementary therapy: Comparison between hospitalized psoriasis patients and non-psoriasis patients, correlation with disease severity and quality of life. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 33, pp. 65-71. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2017.06.005.
Yousefzadeh H, et al. Investigation of Dietary Supplements Prevalence as Complementary Therapy: Comparison Between Hospitalized Psoriasis Patients and Non-psoriasis Patients, Correlation With Disease Severity and Quality of Life. Complement Ther Med. 2017;33:65-71. PubMed PMID: 28735828.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of dietary supplements prevalence as complementary therapy: Comparison between hospitalized psoriasis patients and non-psoriasis patients, correlation with disease severity and quality of life. AU - Yousefzadeh,Hadis, AU - Mahmoudi,Mahmoud, AU - Banihashemi,Mahnaz, AU - Rastin,Maryam, AU - Azad,Farahzad Jabbari, Y1 - 2017/06/23/ PY - 2016/10/05/received PY - 2017/02/04/revised PY - 2017/06/20/accepted PY - 2017/7/25/entrez PY - 2017/7/25/pubmed PY - 2017/9/2/medline KW - Complementary medicine KW - Dietary supplements KW - Multivitamin KW - Psoriasis KW - Self-medication SP - 65 EP - 71 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 33 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases. Dietary supplementation over last 30days and characteristics, including age, age at onset of disease, co-morbidities, smoking and education were recorded. Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and dermatology quality of life index (DLQI) were calculated. P value less than 0.05 was considered as significant level. RESULTS: This study consisted 138 psoriasis (females; 54) and 138 non-psoriasis cases (females; 50), aged between 21 and 91 years. Among psoriasis patients, 72% reported using at least one of dietary supplements, which was different from non-psoriasis cases (25.36%, P=0.01). Multivitamin/mineral supplements (MVM) were the most frequent used dietary supplements (26.81%) and the most common reasons for the consumption of these supplements were to maintain and improve health. The consumption of folic acid (21.73%), omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil (10.14%), herbs (12.31%) and vitamin E (1.44%) had the most frequencies after MVM. No significant differences in PASI and DLQI were found among patients with consumption of different supplements (P>0.05). There was non-significant and negative correlation between education and use of supplements (P=0.21, r=-0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Self-medicating of MVM over last 30days was prevalent among studied psoriasis patients. They took dietary supplements in order to improve and maintain their health. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28735828/Investigation_of_dietary_supplements_prevalence_as_complementary_therapy:_Comparison_between_hospitalized_psoriasis_patients_and_non_psoriasis_patients_correlation_with_disease_severity_and_quality_of_life_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(16)30233-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -