Head trauma and Parkinson's disease: results from an Italian case-control study.Neurol Sci. 2017 Oct; 38(10):1835-1839.NS
We evaluated the possible association between head trauma and Parkinson's disease (PD). The FRAGAMP (Fattori di Rischio Ambientali e Genetici Associati alla Malattia di Parkinson) study is a large Italian multicenter case-control study carried out to evaluate the possible role of environmental and genetic factors in PD. Cases and controls were enrolled from six movement disorders centers located in the Central-Southern Italy. A standardized questionnaire was administered to record demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data. Positive history of head trauma was considered only if the head trauma preceded the onset of PD. All cases and controls underwent a standard neurological examination. Adjusted ORs and 95% CI were estimated using multivariate analysis (logistic regression). Four hundred ninety-two PD patients (292 men and 200 women) and 459 controls (160 men and 299 women) were enrolled in the study. A positive history for head trauma was reported by 106 (21.5%) PD patients and by 62 (13.5%) healthy controls. Multivariate analysis (OR adjusted by age, sex, family history, coffee smoking, and alcohol consumption) showed a significant positive association between PD and head trauma with an adjusted OR of 1.50 (95%CI 1.04-2.17; p value 0.03). In agreement with literature data, our study supports the positive association between head trauma and PD.