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Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira spp.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017 10 01; 83(19)AE

Abstract

Exposure to soil or water contaminated with the urine of Leptospira-infected animals is the most common way in which humans contract leptospirosis. Entire populations can be at high risk of leptospirosis while working in inundated fields, when engaging in aquatic sports, or after periods of heavy rainfall. The risk of infection after contact with these environmental sources depends on the ability of Leptospira bacteria to survive, persist, and infect new hosts. Multiple variables such as soil and water pH, temperature, and even environmental microbial communities are likely to shape the environmental conditions needed by the pathogen to persist. Here we review what is known about the environmental phase of the infectious Leptospira transmission cycle and identify knowledge gaps that will serve as a guide for future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA vbarragan@usfq.edu.ec talima.pearson@nau.edu. Instituto de Microbiologia, Colegio de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador.The Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.The Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.The Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA vbarragan@usfq.edu.ec talima.pearson@nau.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28754706

Citation

Barragan, Veronica, et al. "Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira Spp." Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 83, no. 19, 2017.
Barragan V, Olivas S, Keim P, et al. Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira spp. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017;83(19).
Barragan, V., Olivas, S., Keim, P., & Pearson, T. (2017). Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira spp. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 83(19). https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01190-17
Barragan V, et al. Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira Spp. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017 10 1;83(19) PubMed PMID: 28754706.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Critical Knowledge Gaps in Our Understanding of Environmental Cycling and Transmission of Leptospira spp. AU - Barragan,Veronica, AU - Olivas,Sonora, AU - Keim,Paul, AU - Pearson,Talima, Y1 - 2017/09/15/ PY - 2017/7/30/pubmed PY - 2018/1/6/medline PY - 2017/7/30/entrez KW - Leptospira KW - environment KW - leptospirosis KW - soil KW - survival KW - transmission KW - water JF - Applied and environmental microbiology JO - Appl. Environ. Microbiol. VL - 83 IS - 19 N2 - Exposure to soil or water contaminated with the urine of Leptospira-infected animals is the most common way in which humans contract leptospirosis. Entire populations can be at high risk of leptospirosis while working in inundated fields, when engaging in aquatic sports, or after periods of heavy rainfall. The risk of infection after contact with these environmental sources depends on the ability of Leptospira bacteria to survive, persist, and infect new hosts. Multiple variables such as soil and water pH, temperature, and even environmental microbial communities are likely to shape the environmental conditions needed by the pathogen to persist. Here we review what is known about the environmental phase of the infectious Leptospira transmission cycle and identify knowledge gaps that will serve as a guide for future research. SN - 1098-5336 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28754706/full_citation L2 - http://aem.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=28754706 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -