Famotidine. Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and a preliminary review of its therapeutic use in peptic ulcer disease and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.Drugs. 1986 Sep; 32(3):197-221.D
Famotidine is a new histamine H2-receptor antagonist. On a weight basis, famotidine is 20 times more potent than cimetidine and 7.5 times more potent than ranitidine in inhibiting basal and pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion in humans. Therapeutic trials have shown that famotidine 20 mg twice daily or 40 mg at bedtime may be an effective alternative to standard doses of cimetidine for healing gastric ulcers and to standard doses of cimetidine and ranitidine for healing duodenal ulcers. When used prophylactically, a single 20 mg dose of famotidine at night decreases the incidence of duodenal ulcer recurrence (versus placebo). However, further study is needed to clarify the comparative efficacy of the H2-receptor antagonists, in particular as maintenance therapy for healed peptic ulcer. Preliminary results in a few patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome indicate that famotidine, alone or in combination with an anticholinergic agent, gives good control of gastric acid hyperacidity with no evidence of biochemical or haematological toxicity. Famotidine appears to be well tolerated. Unlike cimetidine, it does not have antiandrogenic effects or alter hepatic metabolism of drugs. However, wider clinical experience with famotidine is needed to accurately determine its relative tolerability compared with other anti-ulcer drugs. Thus, famotidine appears to be a suitable and well tolerated alternative to cimetidine and ranitidine for healing peptic ulcers, but wider clinical experience is needed to assess its relative efficacy and tolerability in the long term maintenance treatment of patients with healed ulcers as well as in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.