Somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 and insulin needs in insulin-dependent diabetic patients studied by means of an artificial pancreas.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 Nov; 63(5):1071-4.JC
SMS 201-995 is a new somatostatin analog which is 10-60 times more potent and specific than somatostatin as an inhibitor of GH and insulin release. The aim of this study was to assess its value as an adjunct to insulin therapy in insulin-dependent diabetic- (IDD) patients. Six IDD patients were studied. Their average insulin doses ranged from 22-46 U/day, and hemoglobin A1c levels varied between 6.5-11.5%. Two patients had background retinopathy and mild sensorimotor neuropathy. After 12 h of glucemic stabilization, the patients were kept normoglycemic by connecting them to the Biostator-GCIIS. The study entailed two parts in random order, in which standardised mixed meals were administered at 0800, 1400, and 2000 h with or without sc bolus injections of 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 immediately before meal ingestion. Plasma free insulin, C-peptide, GH, and glucagon were measured by RIA. Postprandial hyperglycemia was significantly diminished by SMS 201-995 after breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Insulin requirements, both total and 2-h postprandially, decreased significantly with a parallel reduction in free insulin levels. Postprandial glucagon levels also significantly decreased, but GH profiles were similar. In conclusion, the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 has a potential value as an adjunct to insulin in the management of IDD patients.