GBA-Associated Parkinson's Disease: Progression in a Deep Brain Stimulation Cohort.J Parkinsons Dis 2017; 7(4):635-644JP
Recent evidence suggests that glucosidase beta acid (GBA) mutations predispose Parkinson's disease (PD) patients to a greater burden of cognitive impairment and non-motor symptoms. This emerging knowledge has not yet been considered in patients who have undergone deep brain stimulation (DBS); a surgery that is generally contraindicated in those with cognitive deficits.
To explore the long-term phenotypic progression of GBA-associated PD, in a DBS cohort.
Thirty-four PD patients who had undergone DBS surgery between 2002 and 2011 were included in this study; 17 patients with GBA mutations were matched to 17 non-carriers. Clinical evaluation involved the administration of four assessments: The Mattis Dementia Rating Scale was used to assess cognitive function; non-motor symptoms were assessed using the Non-Motor Symptom Assessment Scale for PD; quality of life was measured using the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire; and motor symptoms were evaluated using part III of the Movement Disorders Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, in on-medication/on-stimulation conditions. Levodopa equivalent doses (LED) and DBS settings were compared with clinical outcomes.
At a mean follow-up of 7.5 years after DBS, cognitive impairment was more prevalent (70% vs 19%) and more severe in GBA mutation carriers compared to non-carriers (60% vs 6% were severely impaired). Non-motor symptoms were also more severe and quality of life more impaired in GBA-associated PD. Motor symptoms, LED, and stimulation settings were not significantly different between groups at follow-up.
GBA status appears to be an important predictor for non-motor symptom disease progression, after deep brain stimulation surgery.