Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Trends in brain cancer mortality among U.S. Gulf War veterans: 21 year follow-up.
Cancer Epidemiol. 2017 10; 50(Pt A):22-29.CE

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Previous mortality studies of U.S. Gulf War veterans through 2000 and 2004 have shown an increased risk of brain cancer mortality among some deployed individuals. When veterans possibly exposed to environmental contaminants associated with demolition of the Khamisiyah Ammunition Storage Facility at Khamisiyah, Iraq, have been compared to contemporaneously deployed unexposed veterans, the results have suggested increased risk for mortality from brain cancer among the exposed. Brain cancer mortality risk in this cohort has not been updated since 2004.

METHODS

This study analyzes the risk for brain cancer mortality between 1991-2011 through two series of comparisons: U.S. Gulf War deployed and non-deployed veterans from the same era; and veterans possibly exposed to environmental contaminants at Khamisiyah compared to contemporaneously deployed but unexposed U.S. Gulf War veterans. Risk of brain cancer mortality was determined using logistic regression. Life test hazard models were created to plot comparisons of annual hazard rates. Joinpoint regression models were applied to assess trends in hazard rates for brain cancer mortality.

RESULTS

U.S. Army veterans possibly exposed at Khamisiyah had similar rates of brain cancer mortality compared to those not possibly exposed; however, veterans possibly exposed had a higher risk of brain cancer in the time period immediately following the Gulf War.

CONCLUSION

Results from these analyses suggest that veterans possibly exposed at Khamisiyah experienced different patterns of brain cancer mortality risk compared to the other groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

VISN 2 Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention, Canandaigua VA Medical Center, Canandaigua, NY, USA; West Virginia University Injury Control Research Center, Morgantown, WV, USA. Electronic address: shannon.barth@va.gov.Post Deployment Health Epidemiology Program, Office of Patient Care Services, Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, USA.VISN 2 Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention, Canandaigua VA Medical Center, Canandaigua, NY, USA; West Virginia University Injury Control Research Center and Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.Post Deployment Health Epidemiology Program, Office of Patient Care Services, Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28780478

Citation

Barth, Shannon K., et al. "Trends in Brain Cancer Mortality Among U.S. Gulf War Veterans: 21 Year Follow-up." Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 50, no. Pt A, 2017, pp. 22-29.
Barth SK, Dursa EK, Bossarte RM, et al. Trends in brain cancer mortality among U.S. Gulf War veterans: 21 year follow-up. Cancer Epidemiol. 2017;50(Pt A):22-29.
Barth, S. K., Dursa, E. K., Bossarte, R. M., & Schneiderman, A. I. (2017). Trends in brain cancer mortality among U.S. Gulf War veterans: 21 year follow-up. Cancer Epidemiology, 50(Pt A), 22-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2017.07.012
Barth SK, et al. Trends in Brain Cancer Mortality Among U.S. Gulf War Veterans: 21 Year Follow-up. Cancer Epidemiol. 2017;50(Pt A):22-29. PubMed PMID: 28780478.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in brain cancer mortality among U.S. Gulf War veterans: 21 year follow-up. AU - Barth,Shannon K, AU - Dursa,Erin K, AU - Bossarte,Robert M, AU - Schneiderman,Aaron I, Y1 - 2017/08/04/ PY - 2017/02/01/received PY - 2017/07/13/revised PY - 2017/07/25/accepted PY - 2017/8/7/pubmed PY - 2018/2/8/medline PY - 2017/8/7/entrez KW - Brain cancer KW - Gulf War KW - Khamisiyah KW - Mortality KW - Veterans SP - 22 EP - 29 JF - Cancer epidemiology JO - Cancer Epidemiol VL - 50 IS - Pt A N2 - OBJECTIVE: Previous mortality studies of U.S. Gulf War veterans through 2000 and 2004 have shown an increased risk of brain cancer mortality among some deployed individuals. When veterans possibly exposed to environmental contaminants associated with demolition of the Khamisiyah Ammunition Storage Facility at Khamisiyah, Iraq, have been compared to contemporaneously deployed unexposed veterans, the results have suggested increased risk for mortality from brain cancer among the exposed. Brain cancer mortality risk in this cohort has not been updated since 2004. METHODS: This study analyzes the risk for brain cancer mortality between 1991-2011 through two series of comparisons: U.S. Gulf War deployed and non-deployed veterans from the same era; and veterans possibly exposed to environmental contaminants at Khamisiyah compared to contemporaneously deployed but unexposed U.S. Gulf War veterans. Risk of brain cancer mortality was determined using logistic regression. Life test hazard models were created to plot comparisons of annual hazard rates. Joinpoint regression models were applied to assess trends in hazard rates for brain cancer mortality. RESULTS: U.S. Army veterans possibly exposed at Khamisiyah had similar rates of brain cancer mortality compared to those not possibly exposed; however, veterans possibly exposed had a higher risk of brain cancer in the time period immediately following the Gulf War. CONCLUSION: Results from these analyses suggest that veterans possibly exposed at Khamisiyah experienced different patterns of brain cancer mortality risk compared to the other groups. SN - 1877-783X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28780478/Trends_in_brain_cancer_mortality_among_U_S__Gulf_War_veterans:_21_year_follow_up_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1877-7821(17)30122-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -