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Individual difference factors and beliefs in medical and political conspiracy theories.
Scand J Psychol 2017; 58(5):422-428SJ

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine. It was also correlated with religiousness and gender. Low Emotional Stability and Agreeableness were also correlated with belief in political conspiracies, and higher education level was correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. The findings generally demonstrated support for a monological belief system. Implications and limitations are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK. Norwegian Business School (BI), Nydalveien, Olso, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28782805

Citation

Galliford, Natasha, and Adrian Furnham. "Individual Difference Factors and Beliefs in Medical and Political Conspiracy Theories." Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, vol. 58, no. 5, 2017, pp. 422-428.
Galliford N, Furnham A. Individual difference factors and beliefs in medical and political conspiracy theories. Scand J Psychol. 2017;58(5):422-428.
Galliford, N., & Furnham, A. (2017). Individual difference factors and beliefs in medical and political conspiracy theories. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58(5), pp. 422-428. doi:10.1111/sjop.12382.
Galliford N, Furnham A. Individual Difference Factors and Beliefs in Medical and Political Conspiracy Theories. Scand J Psychol. 2017;58(5):422-428. PubMed PMID: 28782805.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Individual difference factors and beliefs in medical and political conspiracy theories. AU - Galliford,Natasha, AU - Furnham,Adrian, Y1 - 2017/08/07/ PY - 2017/04/04/received PY - 2017/06/18/accepted PY - 2017/8/8/pubmed PY - 2018/5/16/medline PY - 2017/8/8/entrez KW - Personality KW - alternative medicine KW - conspiracy theories KW - self-esteem SP - 422 EP - 428 JF - Scandinavian journal of psychology JO - Scand J Psychol VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine. It was also correlated with religiousness and gender. Low Emotional Stability and Agreeableness were also correlated with belief in political conspiracies, and higher education level was correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. The findings generally demonstrated support for a monological belief system. Implications and limitations are discussed. SN - 1467-9450 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28782805/Individual_difference_factors_and_beliefs_in_medical_and_political_conspiracy_theories_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12382 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -